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Full text of "State of Maryland uniform crime reports"

Maryland 
HV 

6793 
.M3S74 
- 1987 
Folio 




1987 

UNIFORM 

CRIME 

REPORTS 



UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 



CRIME 

IN 
MARYLAND 



MAP 

STATE DOCUMENTS 

(SP&f ; 



STATE OF MARYLAND 
CRIMINAL RECORDS CENTRAL REPOSITORY 



^ ^M&^l^ 



1985 - 1987 



MembeAA o& the. CAiminal RecondA-CentAal RepoAi&Aij expteM 
theJA Aympathy to the. fcanilieA ofa the. following Maty fond Lou) en- 
^oAcement oh&ic&AA uho \xnAe. killed m the. line, o{, duty: 



lb/it Hudson, J*. 
'jJallace. JohnAon Madonay 
Timonthy 8. RidenouA 
Vonald Ralph Kline. 
John E. Valy, Jt. 
John M. ttontczak 
Jimmy V. Halcxxrt 
Uanh. C. TeatheAAtone. 
VenniA I. Riley 
Paul N. Mitchell 
ChatleA A. Hudzeba 
Qieqa A. PneAxjAy 
Edgai J. Rumpfa 
AlbeAt M. ClaggeU 11/ 
Jam* 8. Suxutt 
HeJUan F. Sell, Jt. 
QavKd G. Lev-twgood 
John E. SpeiiceA 
WWUam P. Mc£ti 
George Movu^> 
Ltwiy E. Small 



Milium E. AlbZAA 
Antonio M. Keliey 
Philip C. Me*z 
Ronald C. Tmcey 
Raymond Hubband 
Allen JohnAon 
Gam L. Wade. 
RkJwM BeaveAA 
Caxlton flelcheA 
Sanuel SnydeA 
RobeAt John King 
MxAceMi6 Weed 
[/■oment Lean. 
&iegony Alan May 
Cany Suzanne. Poelzmm 
Rizhand T. MW&i 
RobeAt T. PyleA 
RobeAt AlexandeA 
RobeAt W. Zimtmimm 
John E. Sam 





'mi 

f&t v'er 



1987 

STATE 

OF 

MARYLAND 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 

REPORTS 



WILLIAM DONALD SCHAEFER, Governor 



BISHOP L. ROBINSON, Secretary, 
Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services 



IK f'Y OF MARYLAND 


ELMER H. TIPPET, Superintendent, 


DEC ?.S 1988 


Maryland State Police 


MAKYLANDIA DEPT. 

STATE DOCUMENTS 

(SPDDP) 





^oocm 



CRIMINAL RECORDS 
CENTRAL REPOSITORY 



CAPTAIN PATRICK J. BUCHER, Commander 

UNIFORM 

CRIME 

REPORTING 

SECTION 

|| 3 1M30 03050063 I I 



3 1M30 03020063 A 




a31^30030200838b a3U300302006 38b 

UMV Of MO CCHLfOI PARK 



uxn or mo cOLifGf ►«* 



JOHN VESPA, Field Records Representative 

ELEANOR MERCER, Statistical Assistant 

BEATRICE SHAPIRO, Office Secretary 

STEPHANIE DORSEY, Office Clerk 




WILLIAM DONALD SCHAEFER 
GOVERNOR 

MELVIN A. STEINBERG 
LT. GOVERNOR 



STATE OF MARYLAND 

DEPARTMENT OF 
PUBLIC SAFETY AND CORRECTIONAL SERVICES 

MARYLAND STATE POLICE 

PIKESVILLE, MARYLAND 21208-3899 

AREA CODE 301 486-3101 

TTY FOR DEAF AREA CODE 301 486-0677 



September 16, 1988 



BISHOP L. ROBINSON 

SECRETARY 

PUBLIC SAFETY AND 

CORRECTIONAL SERVICES 

COLONEL ELMER H. TIPPETT 

SUPERINTENDENT 

MARYLAND STATE POLICE 



The Honorable William Donald Schaefer 

Governor of Maryland 

State House 

Annapolis, Maryland 21404 

Dear Governor Schaefer: 

Pursuant to Article 88B, Sections 9 and 10, of the 
Annotated Code of Maryland, the Maryland State Police 
respectfully submits the 1987 Uniform Crime Report for your 
information and review. 

The information presented here represents the ninteenth 
annual report produced by the Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting 
Program. The statistics presented were compiled from monthly 
reports submitted to Criminal Record-Central Repository by all 
law enforcement agencies throughout Maryland. Every effort has 
been made to verify the accuracy and completeness of the published 
inf ormation. 

This information is presented with the hope that it will 
be of valuable assistance to law enforcement personnel and 
members of the Executive and Legislative branches of government. 
It should be helpful in planning programs and legislation to 
combat criminal activity in Maryland. 

Sincerely, 



Superintendent 



EHT:al 



Enclosure 



ICam lEnforompttt (Euto nf iEtljirs 



Ah a Cam fotfnrrrmrnt (Off irrr, m y funJan.ni J Jut* u u 

serve mankind; to safeauard lives and property; to protect the innocent aaainst 
deception, the wean aaainst oppression or intimidation, and the peaceful 
aaainst violence or disorder; and to respect the (constitutional riahts of ail 
men to liberty, eauality and iusti 



lice. 



vale life unsullied as an example to all; maint 



am coura- 



l flltU Lep my p, 

aeous calm in the lace of danaer, scorn, or ridicule; develop sell-restraint; and 



he constantly mindful of the welfare of others, ^rtonest in thouaht and deed 



awi 



in both mu personal and official life, «_7 will be exemplary in obeyiny the Ic 
of the land and the regulations of mu department. VUhatever _/ See or hear of 



a con 



idential nature or that is confided t< 



To me in mi 



henl 



ever Secre 



official capacity will be 
I unless revelation is necessary in the performance of my duty. 



J[ mill never act officiously or permit personal feelinas, prejudices, animos- 
ities or friendships to influence my decisions. VUilh no compromise for crime 
and with relentless prosecution of criminals, ^r will enforce the law courteously 
and appropriately without fear or favor, malice or ill will, never employ ina 



xryfo 



unnecessary force or vio 



lence and 



never acceplinq qraluilies 



puny a. 



tuiti 



It r C f U \\\\\ Zf the badae of my office as a Symbol of public faith, and 
^f accept it as a public trust to be held so lona a~s ^s am true to the ethics of 
the police Service. ^S will constantly strive to achieve these objectives and ideals, 
dedicating myself before K-Jod to my chosen profession . . . law enforcement. 



iv 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 



On behalf of all the Maryland State Uniform Crime Contri- 
butors, a special appreciation is extended to the following for their 
continued support of the program: 

Chief Russell E. Wroten 
Cambridge Police Department 

Sheriff Jack DeWitt 
Cecil County Sheriff's Office 

Sheriff Robert C. Snyder 
Frederick County Sheriff's Office 



Cheif J. R. Craze 
Greenbelt Police Department 

Major D. R. Leslie 
Maryland National Capitol Park 
Police, Prince George's Ct. 

Chief H. Brooks Hamlin, Jr. 
Morgan State University 

Chief Leroy Duggan 
Ocean City Police Department 

Chief Stephen J. Murphy 
Towson State University 

Our U.C.R. Seminars continue to be a huge success thanks to 
their generosity and willingness to assist. 

As always, a special thanks is in order for Mr. Richard Tam- 
berrino of the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional 
Services for his annual assistance in the preparation of the Crime in 
Maryland Book. Thanks is also extended to Mr. Ray Frankline, Ms. Roberta 
Gracie and the staff of the Maryland Police Training Commission. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Letter of Transmittal iii 

Law Enforcement Code of Ethics iv 

Acknowledgement v 

Introduction 3 

Classification of Offenses 11 

Crime Factors 19 

Crime Index 21 

Maryland Offense Data 25 

Crime Index Offenses 27 

Murder 36 

Rape 42 

Robbery 46 

Aggravated Assault 52 

Breaking or Entering 56 

Larceny 62 

Motor Vehicle Theft 68 

Arson 72 

Index Offense Data 77 

Municipality Crime Rate Ill 

Maryland Arrest Data 122 

Law Enforcement Employee Data 133 

Law Enforcement Officers Killed 135 

Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted 137 

Law Enforcement Employee Data 149 



VI 



LIST OF TABLES AND CHARTS 

Crime Index and Clearances for Maryland 1 

Maryland UCR System Flow 9 

Crime Index Offenses-Volume by Month 30 

Violent Crime-Volume by Month 31 

Property Crime-Volume by Month 32 

Stolen Property-Analysis of Value Stolen & Recovered 33 

Murder-Volume by Month 38 

Murder-Distribution by Circumstances 39 

Murder-Distribution by Type of Weapon 40 

Rape-Vol ume by Month 44 

Robbery-Volume by Month 49 

Robbery-Distribution by Nature 50 

Aggravated Assault-Volume by Month 54 

Breaking or Entering-Volume by Month 58 

Breaking or Entering-Distribution by Nature 59 

Larceny-Volume by Month 64 

Larceny-5 Year Distribution by Nature 65 

Motor Vehicle Theft-Volume by Month 70 

Arson-Volume by Month 74 

Arson-Distribution by Type of Property 75 

Maryland UCR Crime Index Report by Region, County, 

& Agency 80 

Municipality Crime Index 112 

Arrests- Juveni le 125 

Arrests- Adult 1 26 

Arrest Rate-5 Year Trend 127 

Arrests-Sex & Race of Persons Arrested 129 

Arrests-Age of Persons Arrested 130 

Maryland Arrest Report by Region, County & Agency (See Supplemental Report) 

Pol ice Assaulted- Circumstance 1 38 

Police Assaulted-Time of Day 138 

Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted-By Agency 139 

Law Enforcement Employee Rates 150 

Law Enforcement Data by Agency 151 

Sworn Law Enforcement Employee Data-10 Year County Trend... 157 



VII 



CRIME INDEX FOR MARYLAND 

10 YEAR TREND 





T01AL 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 










Murder 














Offenses 


3,911 


445 


399 


350 


354 


367 


431 


422 


399 


406 


338 


Rate Per 100,000 


Inhabitants 9.1 


9.8 


8.9 


8.0 


8.1 


8.5 


10.1 


9.9 


9.5 


9.8 


8.2 


Percent Cleared 


78 


73 


73 


78 


82 


77 


81 


81 


77 


76 


81 


National Average 


73 


70 


70 


72 


74 


76 


74 


72 


72 


73 


76 










Rape 














Offenses 


16,652 


1,894 


1,947 


1,711 


1,644 


1,412 


1,596 


1,663 


1,681 


1,628 


1,476 


Rate Per 100,000 


Inhabitants 77.3 


83.5 


87.3 


77.9 


75.6 


65.7 


74.8 


78.1 


80.2 


78.5 


71.3 


Percent Cleared 


57 


56 


60 


59 


56 


59 


58 


58 


54 


57 


56 


National Average 


51 


53 


52 


54 


54 


52 


51 


48 


49 


48 


50 










Robery 














Offenses 


144,779 


13,363 


13,570 


13,276 


13,113 


14,950 


15,377 


18,095 


16,462 


13,745 


12,828 


Rate Per 100,000 


Inhabitants 336.9 


294.7 


304.1 


302.3 


301.5 


347.7 


360.5 


424.7 


392.7 


331.1 


309.6 


Percent Cleared 


25 


24 


24 


24 


26 


25 


25 


23 


23 


26 


27 


National Average 


25 


27 


25 


25 


26 


26 


25 


24 


24 


25 


26 










Aggravated Assaui t 














Offenses 


186,365 


19,597 


21,226 


21,425 


19,369 


18,007 


18,845 


17,691 


17,182 


17,337 


15,686 


Rate Per 100,000 


Inhabitants 432.3 


432.1 


475.6 


487.8 


445.4 


418.8 


441.9 


415.2 


409.9 


417.9 


378.6 


Percent Cleared 


58 


66 


62 


58 


54 


55 


54 


55 


57 


56 


59 


National Average 


60 


59 


59 


62 


61 


61 


60 


58 


59 


59 


62 










Burgi 


.ARY 














Offenses 


590,182 


53,226 


55,596 


53,168 


51,498 


52,697 


60,547 


70,762 


71,130 


62,657 


58,901 


Rate Per 100,000 


Inhabitants 1,374.9 


1,173.7 


1,245.7 


1,210.6 


1,184.1 


1,225.5 


1,419.6 


1,660.7 


1,696.8 


1,510.2 


1,421.7 


Percent Cleared 


18 


18 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


17 


19 


20 


National Average 


15 


14 . 


14 


14 


14 


15 


15 


14 


14 


15 


16 










Larceny 














Offenses 


1,373,849 


136,863 


132,899 


126,193 


123,625 


127,443 


142,903 


152,544 


152,089 


145,278 


134,012 


Rate Per 100,000 


Inhabitants 3,197.1 


3,017.9 


2,977.8 


2,874.6 


2,842.6 


2,963.8 


3,350.6 


3,580.0 


3,628.1 


3,501.5 


3,234.7 


Percent Cleared 


18 


18 


18 


18 


18 


19 


18 


18 


18 


18 


19 


National Average 


19 


20 


20 


20 


20 


19 


19 


19 


18 


19 


20 










Motor Veh 


[cle Theft 














Offenses 


195,893 


26,419 


24,331 


20,265 


17,284 


15,688 


16,719 


18,486 


18,885 


20,217 


17,599 


Rate Per 100,000 


Inhabitants 454.0 


582.6 


545.2 


461.4 


397.4 


364.8 


392.0 


433.8 


450.5 


487.3 


424.8 


Percent Cleared 


17 


18 


17 


17 


16 


15 


15 


17 


16 


18 


20 


National Average 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


15 


14 


14 


14 


14 


15 










Grand Totai 














Offenses 


2,511,631 


251,807 


249,968 


236,388 


226,887 


230,564 


256,418 


279,663 


277,828 


261,268 


240,840 


Rate Per 100,000 


Inhabitants 5,842.8 


5,552.5 


5,600.9 


5,382.2 


5,217.0 


5,362.0 


6,012.2 


6,563.3 


6,627.6 


6,297.2 


5,813.2 


Percent Cleared 


22 


23 


22 


22 


22 


22 


21 


21 


20 


22 


23 


National Average 


20 


21 


21 


21 


21 


21 


20 


19 


19 


20 


21 



INTRODUCTION 

The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting Program is one of the 
steps that have been taken in the establishment of an effective State- 
wide Criminal Justice Information System. This particular phase of 
the CJIS is oriented toward law enforcement and has brought about a 
statewide uniform method of collecting crime statistical data, pro- 
ducing a consolidated annual report concerning crime in Maryland, and 
reporting statewide crime statistics from a single agency to the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation. 



NATIONAL UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM 

The counterpart of the statewide UCR Program is the National 
UCR Program which is under the direction of the Federal Bureau of In- 
vestigation. This national program is the result of a need for nation- 
wide and uniform compilation of law enforcement statistics. Uniform 
Crime Reports were first collected in 1930 after being developed by 
a committee of the International Association of Chiefs of Police. 

Today the IACP continues to serve in an advisory capacity 
to the FBI in its operation of the program. 

Crime statistics voluntarily submitted by individual law 
enforcement agencies from all fifty states are presented annually in 
the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports Publication entitled "Crime in the 
United States". 

In the last several years the FBI has been actively assis- 
ting individual states in the development of statewide programs of 
law enforcement statistics compatible with the National UCR Progam. 
In taking advantage of the invaluable assistance provided, Maryland 
has developed its own statewide program for collection of law enforce- 
ment statistics. 



MARYLAND UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM 

The Maryland Uniform Crime Reporting Program involves the 
uniform compilation, classification, and analysis of crime statistics 
reported by all law enforcement agencies of the state pursuant to 
guides and regulations prescribed by law. 

The responsibility and authority for collection and dissemi- 
nation of UCR data was given to the Maryland Department of Public 
Safety and Correctional Services (State Police) under Article 88B, 
Sections 9 and 10, of the Annotated Code of Maryland. The UCR Program 
became operational January 1, 1975. 



PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES 



In keeping with the recommendation of the President's Com- 
mission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice, the 
Maryland UCR Program was planned for eventual growth into a complete 
and integrated offender based Criminal Justice Information System. 
Under this program, each offender arrested in Maryland will be tracked 
through the entire criminal justice system from time of arrest through 
the courts to the correctional system where his exit (Parole, expiration 
of sentence, etc.) will be recorded. In this manner, a complete 
"criminal history" on individual offenders will be available for use 
by the police, courts, and correctional agencies in Maryland. In 
addition, statistical data derived from the CJIS Program will provide 
assistance in determining the overall efficiency of the criminal jus- 
tice system in Maryland and will make effective management studies 
possible. 



are: 



The fundamental objectives of the Maryland UCR Program 



1. Inform the governor, legislature, other governmental 
officials, and the public as to the nature of the 
crime problem in Maryland - its magnitude and its 
trends. 

2. Provide law enforcement administrators with criminal 
statistics for administrative and operational use. 

3. Determine who commits crimes by age, sex, race and 
other attributes in order to find the proper focus 
for crime prevention and enforcement. 

4. Provide base data and statistics to measure the 
workload and effectiveness of Maryland's Criminal 
Justice System. 

5. Provide base data and statistics to measure the 
effects of prevention and deterrence programs. 

6. Provide base data and statistics for research to 
improve the efficiency, effectiveness and perfor- 
mance of criminal justice agencies. 

7. Provide base data to assist in the assessment of 
social and other causes of crime for the develop- 
ment of theories of criminal behavior. 

8. Provide the FBI with complete UCR data to be in- 
cluded in the national crime reports. 



DEVELOPMENT 

Effective September 1972, the first federal grant was 
awarded to the Department of Public Safety and Correctional Servi- 
ces. (State Police) by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration 
to provide money to initiate a Statewide Uniform Crime Reporting 
Program in Maryland. A committee for the implementation of this 
program was then established by State Police. 

The committee made studies of the federal program, as well 
as several state UCR Programs, which were operational at that time. 
Forms, tally books, and the Maryland UCR Manual were developed, printed 
and distributed to all contributing agencies. Questionnaires concerning 
each law enforcement agency's record keeping systems were distributed 
to determine their capability to fully participate in the State Program. 

In September 1974, an additional grant was awarded to the 
Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services (State Police) 
by the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration for the purpose of 
hiring Field Records Representatives to serve as liaison officers 
between the State Program and the contributing law enforcement agen- 
cies. Also, additional clerical support for the State Program was 
provided in the grant. 

During the developmental phase, several workshops were 
held in various parts of the State to present the UCR Program in 
detail to participating agencies. Since that time, supplemental 
workshops have been held as needed. 

During 1975, the first year of operating, the UCR Staff 
concentrated its efforts in assisting requesting law enforcement 
agencies in devising or improving their record keeping systems. 
The UCR Staff continued to keep the agencies trained in URC and 
to provide assistance where needed. Agencies contributing to the 
UCR Program have increased from 102 agencies in 1975 to 129 in 
1987. The UCR Section collects crime information from these 129 
agencies and publishes quarterly releases reflecting crime trends. 
In addition, this is the twelfth annual report produced by the UCR 
Staff containing an in-depth analysis of all information collected 
in the UCR Program. 

During 1987, statistics were collected concerning Battered 
Spouses and a ninth Maryland Battered Spouse Report was produced. 

REPORTING PROCEDURES 

Under the Maryland UCR Program, law enforcement agencies 
are required to submit specified Uniform Crime Reports. The necessary 
information for each of the required reports is gathered from each 
agency's record of complaints, investigations and arrests. 



For those agencies desiring assistance in developing sound record 
systems, or improving their present system, a copy of the FBI's 
Manual of Police Records has been provided, along with training of 
records personnel by UCR Field Representatives. 

Crime data and information is submitted by state, county, 
and municipal law enforcement agencies on a daily, monthly, and 
annual basis. The daily report consists of the fingerprints of all 
persons arrested, detained, or charged with any crime or offense in 
Maryland . 

On a monthly basis, organized state, municipal, and county 
law enforcement agencies report the number of offenses known to them 
in the following crime categories: 

(1) Criminal Homicide 

(2) Forcible Rape 

(3) Robbery 

(4) Assault 

(5) Breaking or Entering 

(6) Larceny 

(7) Motor Vehicle Theft 

(8) Arson* 

The count of offenses is taken from the record of complaints 
received by law enforcement agencies from victims, witnesses, other 
sources, or discovered by them during their own operation. Complaints 
determined by subsequent investigation to be unfounded are eliminated 
from the count. The resulting number of "actual offenses known to law 
enforcement agencies" in these crime categories is reported without 
regard to whether anyone is arrested, stolen property is recovered, 
local prosecutive policy, or any other consideration. Reported offen- 
ses are recorded by the municipality and county in which they occur. 
Municipal law enforcement agencies report those crimes which are com- 
mitted within the cities; county law enforcement agencies and state 
police report those crimes which occur in the counties outside the 
city. Law enforcement agencies also report on a monthly basis, supple- 
mental offense information such as the value of property stolen and 
recovered as well as circumstances surrounding homicides and other 
pertinent data. Additional monthly reports of persons arrested are 
submitted. These reports provide information concerning the age, sex 
and race of persons arrested by each individual law enforcement agency. 
Also, a police disposition of all juveniles arrested is collected. 

In addition, police employee data is collected on an annual 
basi s . 



VERIFICATION PROCESS 

An obvious concern in the collection of crime statistics 
for law enforcement agencies throughout the state is the uniformity 

*Monthly arson reports are submitted for law enforcement agencies by 
the State Fire Marshall's Office and designated county agencies. 



and accuracy of data received. Program aides such as guides and in- 
structions do not necessarily guarantee the accuracy and correctness 
of the reports submitted by the contributors. Additional controls, 
therefore, are necessary. 

Each report received by the UCR Section is recorded, examined 
and verified for mathematical accuracy, and possibly more important, 
for reasonableness. The verification process includes numerous checks 
to ensure the validity of information. The elimination of duplication 
of reporting by individual contributors received particular attention. 
Minor errors are corrected by telephone contact with the contributors. 
Substantial variations and errors are adjusted through personal contacts 
with individual contributing agencies. The personal contact are in- 
valuable to the accuracy and quality of reporting. Field Representa- 
tives are engaged in a constant educational effort, and as such, provide 
a vital link between the UCR Program and the contributor. 

POPULATION DATA 

The computation of crime rates as they appear in this report 
by municipality, county, and state are based on the latest available 
population estimates for the year as provided by the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation, through the cooperation and assistance of the United 
States Bureau of Census. 



LIMITATIONS OF A UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING PROGRAM 

Information currently collected by the Maryland Program is 
generally the same as that gathered by the National system, and the 
methods of classifying and scoring offenses and arrests are the same. 
This readily enables comparisons with other states and with the nation, 
as a whole. However, there are limitations to the information collected 
which should be clearly understood before any conclusions are drawn from 
the UCR data presented in this report. 

The main goal of the UCR Program is to furnish police admini- 
strators with a measure of their activities and operational problems as 
indicated by the number of reported offenses, arrests, clearances, and 
the like. 

A first step in the control of crime is to ascertain the 
true dimensions of the problem. However, present statistics as gather- 
ed by the UCR Program measure neither the real incidence of crime nor 
the full amount of economic loss to victims. Information regarding 
number of offenses and clearances is collected only for the eight 
Part I crimes. Value and type of property stolen and recovered data 
is requested only for property stolen in Part I offenses. For Part II 
offenses (except non-aggravated assault), the only information sub- 
mitted is the number of arrests for these crimes according to the age, 



Sex, and race of the subject. Consequently, there is no record of the 
actual number of these offenses occurring, nor is there a calculation 
made for property loss, as in cases of vandalism and embezzlement. 

The Crime Index does not explicitly take into account the 
varying degrees of seriousness of its seven components. Each crime 
receives the same weight as it is added to the Index. Consequently, 
an auto theft is counted the same as a murder, and an aggravated 
assault is weighted equally with an attempted breaking or entering. 
Any review of crime must consider the volume, rate and trend of each 
offense that comprises the Index and the relationship between these 
seven crimes*. 

The Maryland and National Uniform Crime Reporting Programs 
are designed to measure offenses committed and persons arrested, and 
difficulties can arise if this distinction is not kept clearly in 
mind. Crimes relate to events, but arrests relate to persons. Un- 
like traffic violations where there is usually one event, with one 
violation and one offender, a single criminal act can involve several 
crimes, several offenders, and several victims. Relating specific 
crimes to the criminal, or specific offenses to characteristics of 
those arrested, is generally beyond the scope of the present Uniform 
Crime Reporting system. 

Juvenile crime and arrest statistics, because of their 
nature, are another area of misunderstanding. Many juvenile offen- 
ders are handled informally and, as a consequence, inaccurate or 
incomplete recording of the event or action may result. Procedures 
for handling juveniles vary between departments, more so than the 
handling of adult offenders. Furthermore, the degree of juvenile 
involvement is solved offenses is probably seriously misunderstood, 
because juvenile participation in clearances is recorded only when 
juveniles are exclusively involved. When both adults and juveniles 
are subjects in a' clearance, the juvenile participation is not re- 
ported . 

The preceding comments should not be viewed as an indict- 
ment of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program which, admittedly, is 
designed for the operational requirements of law enforcement agencies. 
While current methods of gathering and reporting crime and arrest data 
provide a less than complete picture of criminality in our society, 
there is at present no other information system in general use that 
will more adequately perform this task. 



*Arson is not used at this time in computing the Crime Index 



MARYLAND UCR SYSTEM FLOW 



Field 
Liaison 
Unit 



Law 

Enforcement 

Agency 



1 



UCR 
Returns 




1 



Verified 



No 



^ Correct ^ 



National Copy 



Maryland Copy 



Public/ 
Research 




Victim 



FBI 



Key Punch 



1 



Hard Copy 
File 



Criminal 

Justice 

Agencies 



General 
Assembly 



Attorney 
General 



Governor 



CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

Uniformity in reporting under the Maryland System is based 
upon the proper classification of offenses by police. 

The adoption of the Federal System of Uniform Crime Report- 
ing included the utilization of the offense classifications of that 
system. Law enforcement in this state has made accurate application 
of those classifications in the reports submitted to the Maryland 
Uniform Crime Reporting System. 

OFFENSES IN UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING 

Offenses in Uniform Crime Reporting are divided into two 
groupings designated as Part I and Part II offenses. Crime Index 
offenses are included among the Part I offenses. Offense and arrest 
information is reported for the Part I offenses on a monthly basis, 
whereas only arrest information is reported for Part II offenses. 

The Part I offenses are as follows: 

1. CRIMINAL HOMICIDE -- (a) Murder and non-negligent 
manslaughter: All willful felonious homicides as 
distinguished from deaths caused by negligence. 
Excludes attempts to kill, assaults to kill, sui- 
cides, accidental deaths, or justifiable homicides. 
Justifiable homicides are limited to : (1) The 
killing of a person by a law enforcement officer 

in line of duty; and (2) The killing of a person 
in the act of committing a felony by a private 
citizen, (b) Manslaughter by negligence: Any 
death which the police investigation established 
was primarily attributable to gross negligence of 
some individual other than the victim. 

2. FORCIBLE RAPE -- The carnal knowledge of a female, 
forcibly and against her will in the categories of 
rape by force, assault to rape, and attempted rape. 
Excludes statutory offenses (no force used - victim 
under age of consent). 

3. ROBBERY -- Stealing or taking anything of value from 
the care, custody, or control of a person by force or 
by violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm 
robbery, stickups, armed robbery, assaults to rob, 
and attempts to rob. 

4 AGGRAVATED ASSAULT -- Assault with intent to kill or 
for the purpose of inflicting severe bodily injury 
by shooting, cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, 
scalding, or by the use of acids, explosives, or 
other means. Excludes simple assaults. 



11 



5. BURGLARY - BREAKING OR ENTERING -- Burglary, house- 
breaking, safecracking, or any breaking or unlawful 
entry of a structure with the intent to commit a 
felony or a theft. Includes attempted forcible entry. 

6. LARCENY-THEFT (except motor vehicle theft) -- The un- 
lawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of 
property from the possession or constructive possession 
of another. Thefts of bicyles, automobile accessories, 
shoplifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property 
or article which is not taken by force and violence or 
by fraud. Excludes embezzlement, "con" games, forgery, 
worthless checks, etc. 

7. MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT -- Unlawful taking or stealing or 
attempted theft of a motor vehicle. A motor vehicle 

is a self-propelled vehicle that travels on the surface 
but not on rails. Specifically excluded from this cate- 
gory are motor boats, construction equipment, airplanes, 
and farming equipment. 

8. ARSON -- Include all arrests for violations of state 
laws and municipal ordinances relating to arson and 
attempted arson. Include: any willful or malicious 
burning or attempts to burn, with or without intent 
to defraud, a dwelling house, church, college, jail, 
meeting house, public building or any building, ship 
or other vessel, motor vehicle or aircraft; contents 
of building, personal property of another, goods or 
chattels, crops, trees, fences, gates, grain, vege- 
table products, lumber, woods, cranberry bogs, marshes, 
meadows, etc. 

If personal injury results from the arson, the situa- 
tion would be classified as aggravated assault. In 
the event a death results from arson, the incident 
would be classified as murder. 

The Part II Offenses are as follows: 

9. OTHER ASSAULTS -- Assaults and attempted assaults which 
do not result in serious or aggravated injury to the 
victim are included as other assaults. Examples of 
local jurisdiction offense titles which would be in- 
cluded in "other assaults" are: Simple assault, minor 
assault, assault and battery, injury by culpable negli- 
gence, resisting or obstructing an officer, intimidation, 
coercion, hazing, attempts to commit above. 



12 



10. FORGERY AND COUNTERFEITING -- In this class are placed 
all offenses dealing with the making, altering, utter- 
ing or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything 
false in the semblance of that which is true. 

Include: Altering or forging public and other records. 
Making, altering, forging, or counterfeiting bills, notes, 
drafts, tickets, checks, credit cards, etc. Forging 
wills, deeds, notes, bonds, seals, trade-mark, etc. 

Counterfeiting coins, plates, bank notes, checks, etc. 

Possessing or uttering forged or counterfeited instru- 
ments . 

Erasures . 

Signing the name of another or fictitious person with 
intent to defraud. 

Using forged labels. 

Possession, manufacture, etc., of counterfeiting appara- 
tus. 

Selling goods with altered, forged, or counterfeited 
trade-marks. 

All attempts to commit the above. 

10. FRAUD -- Fraudulent conversion and obtaining money or 
property by false pretenses. Includes bad checks, 
confidence games, etc., except forgeries and counter- 
feiting. 

12. EMBEZZLEMENT -- Misappropriation or misapplication of 
money or property entrusted to one's care, custody, or 
control . 

13. STOLEN PROPERTY; BUYING, RECEIVING, POSSESSING -- In- 
clude in this class all offenses of buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property, as well as all attempts 
to commit any of these offenses. 

14. VANDALISM -- Vandalism consists of the willful or mali- 
cious destruction, injury, disfigurement, or defacement 
of any public or private property, real or personal, 
without consent of the owner or person having custody or 
control, by cutting, tearing, breaking, marking, paint- 
ing, drawing, covering with filth, or any other such 
means as may be specified by local law. This offense 
covers a wide range of malicious behavior directed at 
property, such as: cutting auto tires, drawing obscene 



13 



pictures on public restroom walls, smashing windows, 
destroying school records, tipping over gravestones, 
defacing library books, etc. Count all arrests for 
the above, including attempts. 

15. WEAPONS: CARRYING, POSSESSING, ETC. -- This class 
deals with weapon offenses, regulatory in nature, 
such as : 

Manufacture, sale, or possession of deadly weapons. 

Carrying deadly weapons, concealed or openly. 

Using, manufacturing, etc., silencers. 

Furnishing deadly weapons to minors. 

Aliens possessing deadly weapons. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

16. PROSTITUTION AND COMMERCIALIZED VICE -- Include in 
this class the sex offenses of a commercialized 
nature, such as: 

Prostitution 

Keeping bawdy house, disorderly house, or house of 
ill fame. 

Pandering, procuring, transporting, or detaining 
women for immoral purposes, etc. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

17. SEX OFFENSES -- (Except forcible rape and prostitution 
and commercialized vice.) Include offenses against 
chastity, common decency, morals, and the like, such 
as : 

Adultery and fornication. 

Buggery 

Incest 

Indecent exposure 

Indecent liberties 

Intercourse with an insane, epileptic, or venereally 
diseased person. 



14 



Seduction 

Sodomy or crime against nature. 

Statutory rape (nor force). 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

18. DRUG ABUSE LAWS -- Drug abuse law arrests are re- 
quested on the basis of the narcotics used. Make 

the following subdivisions of drugs abuse law arrests: 

Include all arrests for violations of state and local 
laws, specifically those relating to the unlawful 
possession, sale, use, growing, manufacturing, and 
making of narcotic drugs. 

a. Opium or cocaine and their derivatives (morphine, 
heroine, codeine) . 

b. Marijuana. 

c. Synthetic narcotics—manufactured narcotics which 
can cause true drug addiction (demerol, metha- 
dones) . 

d. Dangerous nonnarcotic drugs (barbiturates, benze- 
drine) 

19. GAMBLING -- All charges which relate to promoting, 
permitting, or engaging in gambling are included in 
this category. To provide a more refined collection 
of gambling arrests, the following breakdown of gamb- 
ling arrests should be furnished. 

a. Bookmaking (horse and sport book). 

b. Numbers and lottery. 

c. All other. 

20. OFFENSES AGAINST THE FAMILY AND CHILDREN -- Include 
here all charges of nonsupport and neglect or abuse 
of family and children, such as: 

Desertion, abandonment, or nonsupport of wife or child 

Neglect or abuse of child. (If injury is serious, 
score as aggravated assault.) 

Nonpayment of alimony. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 



15 



21. DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE -- This class is limited 
to the driving or operating of any vehicle or common 
carrier while drunk or under the influence of liquor 
or narcotics. Include: 

Operating a motor vehicle while intoxicated. 

Operating an egine, train, streetcar, boat, etc., 
while intoxicated. 

22. LIQUORS LAWS -- With the exception of "drunkenness" 
(offense #23), and "driving under the influence" 
(offense #21), liquor law violations, state or local, 
are placed in this class. Include: 

Manufacture, sale, transporting, furnishing, possess- 
ing, etc., intoxicating liquor. 

Maintaining unlawful drinking places. 

Advertising and soliciting orders for intoxicating 
1 iquor. 

Bootlegging. 

Operating sti 11 . 

Furnishing liquor to a minor or intemperate person. 

Using a vehicle for illegal transportation of liquor. 

Drinking on train or public conveyance. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

23. DRUNKENNESS -- Not reported in Maryland. 

24. DISORDERLY CONDUCT -- In this class are placed all 
charges of committing a breach of the peace. 
Include : 

Affray. 

Unlawful assembly. 

Disturbing the peace. 

Disturbing meetings. 

Disorderly conduct in state institutions, at court, 
at fairs, on trains, or public conveyances, etc. 

Disguised and masked persons; night riders. 



16 



Blasphemy, profanity, and obscene language. 

Desecrating flag. 

Refusing to assist an officer. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

25. VAGRANCY -- Include: 
Vagrancy. 
Begging. 

Loitering (persons 18 and over). 

26. ALL OTHER OFFENSES -- Include in this class every other 
state or local offense not included in offenses 1 to 25, 
such as: 

Admitting minors to improper places. 

Abduction and compelling to marry. 

Abortion (death resulting from abortion is a homicide, 
offense class la) . 

Bigamy and polygamy. 

Blackmail and extortion. 

Bribery. 

Combination in restraint of trade; trusts, monopolies. 

Contempt of court. 

Criminal anarchism. 

Criminal syndicalism. 

Discrimination; unfair competition. 

Kidnapping. 

Marriage within prohibited degree. 

Offenses contributing to juvenile delinquency (except 
as provided for in offenses 1 to 28 inclusive), such 
as employment of children in immoral vocations or 
practices, admitting minors to improper place, etc. 



17 



27 



28, 



29 



Prejury and subornation of prejury. 

Possession, repair, manufacture, etc., of burglar's 
tools . 

Possession or sale of obscene literature, pictures, etc. 

Public nuisances. 

Riot and rout. 

Trespass. 

Unlawfully bringing weapons into prisons or hospitals. 

Unlawfully bringing drugs or liquor into state prisons, 
hospitals, etc.; furnishing to convicts. 

Unlawful disinterment of the dead and violation of 
sepulture. 

Unlawful use, possession, etc., of explosives. 

Violation of state regulatory laws and municipal 
ordinances (this does not include those offenses or 
regulation which belong in the above classes). 

Violation of quarantine. 

All offenses not otherwise classified. 

All attempts to commit any of the above. 

SUSPICION -- While "suspicion" is not an offense, it 
is the ground for many arrests in those jurisdictions 
where the law permits. After examination by the police, 
the prisoner is either formally charged or released. 
Those formally charged are entered in one of the Part I 
or II offense classes. This class is limited to "sus- 
picion" arrests where persons arrested are released by 
the police. 

CURFEW AND LOITERING LAWS -- (JUVENILES) -- Count all 
arrests made by your department for violation of local 
curfew or loitering ordinances where such laws exist. 

RUN-AWAY (JUVENILES) -- For the purpose of Uniform Crime 
Reporting Program, report in this category apprehensions 
for protective custody as defined by your local statute. 
Count arrests made by other jurisdictions of run-aways 
from your jurisdiction. Do not include protective cus- 
tody actions with respect to run-aways you take for 
other jurisdictions. 



18 



CRIME FACTORS 

Statistics gathered under the Uniform Crime Reporting 
Program are submitted by the law enforcement agencies of Maryland 
and project a statewide view of crime. Awareness of the presence 
of certain crime factors, which may influence the resulting volume 
and type of statistics presented, is necessary if fair and equitable 
conclusions are to be drawn. These crime influencing factors are 
present, to some degree, in e\/ery community and their presence 
affects, in varying degrees, the crime experience of that community. 
Attempts at comparison of crime figures between communities should 
not be made without first considering the individual factors present 
in each community. 

Crime, as an outgrowth of society, remains a social prob- 
lem of grave concern and the police are limited in their role to its 
suppression and detection. As stated by the President's Commission 
on Law Enforcement and Administration of Criminal Justice in their 
report "The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society" (1967 - Page 92): 

"But the fact that the police deal daily with crime 
does not mean that they have unlimited power to 
prevent it, or reduce it, or deter it. The police 
did not create and cannot resolve the social condi- 
tions that stimulate crime. They did not start and 
cannot stop the convulsive social changes that are 
taking place in America. They do not enact the laws 
that they are required to enforce, nor do they dis- 
pose of the criminals they arrest. The police are 
only one part of the criminal justice system; the 
criminal justice system is only one part of the 
government; and the government is only one part of 
society., Insofar as crime is a social phenomenon, 
crime prevention is the responsibility of eyery part 
of society. The criminal process is limited to case 
by case operations, one criminal or one crime at a 
time." 

Set forth below are some of the conditions which will, by 
type and volume, affect the crime that occurs from place to place: 

Density and size of the community population and the 
metropolitan area of which it is a part. 

Composition of the population with reference particu- 
larly to age, sex and race. 

Economic status of the population. 

Relative stability of population, including commuters, 
seasonal, and other transient types. 



19 



Climate, including seasonal weather conditions. 

Educational, recreational, and religious characteristics. 

Standards governing appointments to the police force. 

Policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

Attitude of the public toward law enforcement problems. 

The administrative and investigative efficiency of the 
local law enforcement agency, including the degree of 
adherence to crime reporting standards. 

Organization and cooperation of adjoining and overlapping 
police jurisdictions. 



20 



CRIME INDEX 



The tabulations presented in the tables, graphs, and charts 
in this publication indicate the volume and distribution of crime in 
Maryland on the basis of a Crime Index. The crime figures are broken 
down by agency, county, regional, and state totals. 

The total number of criminal acts that occur is unknown, but 
those that are reported to law enforcement provide the first means of 
a count. Not all crimes are of sufficient importance to be significant 
in an index; and not all important crimes occur with enough regularity 
to be meaningful in an index. With these considerations in mind, the 
crimes below were selected as a group to furnish a convenient measure 
of the crime problem: 

1. Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter 

2. Forcible Rape 

3. Robbery 

4. Aggravated Assault 

5. Breaking or Entering 

6. Larceny-Theft 

7. Motor Vehicle Theft 

8. Arson* 

These offenses were selected because they are serious either by nature 
or frequency of occurrence. 

The crime counts set forth in this publication are actual 
offenses established by police investigation. When police receive a 
complaint of a crime and the follow-up investigation discloses no crime 
occurred, it is "unfounded". 

In 1987, police investigations "unfounded" 5 percent of the 
complaints concerning Index Offenses, ranging from 1 percent in the 
Aggravated Assault category to 10 percent in the Rape category. When 
compared to 1985, there was 1 percent "unfounded" in the Aggravated 
Assault category, and 12 percent in the Rape. 



CALCULATION OF RATES AND TRENDS 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program provides data for police 
executives to measure local problems. To facilitate this function, it 
is sometimes necessary to convert the data into rates, percentages or 
trends. Certain guidelines are presented. 



CRIME RATES 

One of the most meaningful crime statistics is the Crime 
Rate. This rate is the number of offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. 

*1986 arson statistics are not included in the Crime Index in this 
report. 

21 



This rate can be calculated regardless of the number of inhabitants 
in your city or county. To compute rates, divide your city's popu- 
lation by 100,000 and divide the number of offenses in each class 
by that answer. The answer is the number of offenses in each class 
per 100,000 and is your Crime Rate for that offense. 

Example: 

a. Population for your jurisdiction 75,000 

b. Number of burglaries for your 
jurisdiction for a year 215 

Divide 75,000 by 100,000 = .75 

Divide 215 by .75 = 286.7 

Your burglary rate: 286.7 per 100,000 inhabitants 

The number of .75 can now be divided into your totals in any offense 
class to produce a Crime Rate for that offense. 

This same computation can be completed to give you arrest rates per 
100,000 inhabitants. 

CLEARANCE RATES 

The percentage of crimes cleared by arrest is obtained by 
dividing the number of offenses cleared by the number of actual 
offenses. This answer is then multiplied by 100. An example of 
this calculation is: 

a. Number of clearances in robbery 38 

b. Number of actual robberies 72 

Divide 38 by 72 = .528 

Multiply: .528 x 100 = 52.8 

Your percentage of clearance in robbery is 52.8%. 



22 



PERCENT OF CHANGE 

The method most commonly used to compare crime statistics 
for the current year with any prior year is the Percent of Change. 
This Percent is calculated by subtracting the prior year's data from 
the current year's data and dividing the resulting figure by the 
prior year's data. The answer is then multiplied by 100. An example 
of this calculation is: 

a. Current year's murders 399 

b. Prior year's murders 350 



Subtract 350 from 399 = 49 

Divide 49 by 350 = .140 

Multiply .140 x 100 = 14.0 

Your Percent of Change in Murder is 14 percent 
when rounded 



23 



II 
I 



II 
II 



MARYLAND 
OFFENSE DATA 



I 



II 



CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 

VOLUME 

A total of 251,807 Crime Index Offenses were reported to 
law enforcement agencies in Maryland during the Calender Year 1987. 
This represents an increase of 1 percent when compared to the 1986 
data which was comprised of a total of 249,968 Crime Index Offenses. 

The Crime Index Offenses referred to here represent the 
most common problem to law enforcement. They are serious crimes by 
their nature, volume, or frequency of occurrence. Basically, they 
can be categorized as Violent Crime, which includes Murder, Forcible 
Rape, Robbery, and Aggravated Assault, or as Property Crimes which 
include Breaking or Entering, Larceny, and Motor Vehicle Theft. 

An analysis of the total Index by month in 1987 shows that 
August had the highest frequency of occurrence and January had the 
lowest. In 1986, July had the highest frequency of occurrence and 
February had the lowest. 

VIOLENT CRIME 

Violent Crimes involve the element of personal confronta- 
tion between the perpetrator and the victim. Because of their \jery 
nature Violent Crimes are considered more serious than Property 
Crimes. These offenses accounted for 14 percent of the total Crime 
Index for 1987. In 1986, Violent Crimes accounted for 15 percent 
of the total Crime Index. 

Analyzing the Violent Crimes by month reveals December had 
the greatest frequency of occurrence, while April had the lowest. 
In 1986, July had the highest frequency of occurrence and February 
had the lowest. 

PROPERTY CRIME 

The number of Property Crimes reported during 1987 was 
more than 6 times greater than the number of Violent Crimes reported, 
As a group, Property Crimes made up 86 percent of the total Crime 
Index. In 1986, Property Crimes made up 85 percent of the total 
Crime Index. 

A monthly analysis showed August had the highest frequency 
of occurrence and January had the lowest. In 1986, August had the 
highest frequency of occurrence and January had the lowest. 



RATES 

Crime Rates relate the incidence of crime to the resident 
population. Many other factors which may contribute to the volume 



27 



and type of crime in a given jurisdiction are not incorporated here, 
but are shown in the section entitled "Crime Factors". 

In 1987, the Crime Rate for Maryland was 5,552.5 victims for 
every 100,000 population. This represents a 1 percent decrease in the 
Crime Rate when compared to 1986 with 5,600.9 victims per 100,000 popu- 
lation. 

The 1987 Rate for Violent Crime group was established at 
778.4 victims per 100,000 inhabitants, a 6 percent decrease compared 
with the 1986 Rate of 832.3. The Property Crime group resulted in a 
Rate of 4,774.2 per 100,000 inhabitants. This results in 10 percent 
change when compared to the 1986 Rate of 4,768.7. 

CLEARANCES 

For Uniform Crime Reporting purposes, a crime is cleared 
when police have identified the offender, have evidence to charge 
him and actually take him into custody. Solutions of crimes are 
also recorded in exceptional instances where some element beyond 
police control precludes formal charges against the offender, such 
as the victim's refusal to prosecute or local prosection is declined 
because the subject is being prosecuted elsewhere for a crime com- 
mitted in another jurisdiction. The arrest of one person can clear 
several crimes or several persons may be arrested in the process of 
solving one crime. 

As in 1986, Maryland law enforcement agencies cleared 23 
percent of all Index Offenses reported to them in 1987. 

The Violent Crimes recorded a 49 percent clearance rate 
as compared to 1986 with a 48 percent clearance rate. The Property 
Crime group revealed an 18 percent clearance rate in 1987. During 
1986, police also* cleared 18 percent of the Property Crimes. 

Considering individually the 1987 Violent Crime solution 
rate, it was determined that police were successful in solving 73 
percent of the Murders, 56 percent of the Rapes, 24 percent of the 
Robberies, and 66 percent of the Aggravated Assaults. The Property 
Crime solution rates were 18 percent for Breaking or Entering, 18 
percent for Larceny, and 17 percent for Motor Vehicle Theft. 

The relatively high clearance rate for Violent Crimes as 
compared to non-violent Property Crimes is in part attributable to 
the volume difference between the two. Property Crime volume is 
much greater than that of Violent Crime and police investigation 
of Violent Crime is usually more intense. The element of confron- 
tation between victim and perpetrator, as well as witness of identi- 
fication of the perpetrator, also contributes to this higher rate 
of solution. 



28 



JUVENILE CLEARANCES 

Juvenile clearances are those offenses cleared but only 
involving persons under 18. If even one person is over 17, the 
offense is not considered a juvenile clearance. 

In 1987, the clearance involvement of those persons under 
the age of 18 represented 20 percent of all cases cleared. In 1986, 
this Juvenile Clearance Rate was also 20 percent. 

The juvenile clearances for the Violent Crime category 
represented 11 percent of those cases solved, compared to 13 percent 
in 1986, with 6 percent clearances in Murder cases, 10 percent clear- 
ances in Rape cases, 14 percent clearances in Robbery cases, and 11 
percent clearances in Aggravated Assault cases. 

The Property Crime clearances involving juveniles represen- 
ted 23 percent of those cases solved. 1986 had a 24 percent Property 
Crime clearance rate involving juveniles. Juvenile clearances account- 
ed for 19 percent in Breaking or Entering cases, 23 percent in Larceny 
cases, and 35 percent in Motor Vehicle Theft cases. 



STOLEN PROPERTY VALUE 

The total value of Property Stolen during 1987 was $287,486,850 
which resulted in an 27 percent increase over 1986. Recovered Property 
amounted to $124,901,867 which is 43 percent of the total stolen, 
resulting in a $102,584,983 property loss to victims in the State of 
Maryland during 1987. This property loss results in a 30 percent in- 
crease when compared to the property loss in 1986. 

5 YEAR TREND 

(Value in Millions) 





5 YEAR 














AVERAGE 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


Stolen 


202 


287 


226 


192 


156 


148 


Recovered 


83 


125 


101 


82 


60 


49 



29 



CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



NUMBER 

OF 
OFFENSES 



31000- - 



29000- - 



27000- - 



25000- - 



23000- - 



21000- - 



19000-- 



17000- - 



15000- 



CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 1987 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




—I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



30 



VIOLENT CRIME 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



4000. 



3800-- 



3600-- 



3400-- 



2400-- 



2200- - 



2000- 



VIOLENT CRIME 1987 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




-\ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



31 



PROPERTY CRIME 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



2400a 



23000- - 



22000- - 



21000- - 



20000- - 



NUMBER ig0 00-- 
OF 



OFFENSES 



18000-- 



17000-- 



16000-- 



1 5000- - 



14000-- 



13000- 



PROPERTY CRIME 1987 



5 YR. AVERAGE 







H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1- 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



32 



STOLEN PROPERTY 



ANALYSIS OF VALUE STOLEN AND RECOVERED 





VALUE OF 


VALUE OF 


PERCENT OF 


TYPE OF PROPERTY 


PROPERTY 


PROPERTY 


VALUE 




STOLEN 


RECOVERED 


RECOVERED 


Currency, Notes, Etc. 


$ 15,225,682 


$ 784,059 


5% 


Jewelry and Precious 








Mentals 


22,321,329 


917,461 


4% 


Clothing and Furs 


5,841,786 


744,991 


13% 


Locally Stolen Motor 








Vehicles 


162,506,973 


109,575,133 


67% 


Office Equipment 


3,487,646 


296,648 


9% 


Television, Radios, 








Cameras, Etc. 


24,772,720 


6,213,757 


25% 


Firearms 


1,384,105 


158,476 


11% 


Household Goods 


3,659,816 


220,822 


6% 


Consumable Goods 


2,341,019 


252,489 


11% 


Livestock 


1,841,297 


3,588 


0% 


Miscellaneous 


44,104,477 


5,734,443 


13% 


*T0TAL 


$287,486,850 


$124,901,867 


43% 



*Breakdown may not equal total due to rounding. 



33 



II 

11 



MURDER 




MURDER 



Murder is defined as the willful (nonnegl igent) killing of 
one human being by another. As a general rule, any death due to a 
fight, argument, quarrel, assault, or commission of a crime is counted 
as a Murder. This offense is scored on the basis of police investiga- 
tion without regard to the findings of a court or jury or the decision 
of a prosecutor. Assaults to Murder and Attempted Murders are counted 
as Aggravated Assaults. Suicide, accidental deaths and justifiable 
homicides are also excluded. 



VOLUME 

In 1987, a total of 445 Murders were reported to law enforce- 
ment agencies in Maryland. This compares to 399 Murders in 1986 and 
results in an increase of 12 percent. Murder comprises 1 percent of 
the total Violent Crime category and .2 percent of the total Crime 
Index. 



RATE 

In 1987, there were 9.8 victims of Murder for every 100,000 
residents in Maryland. During 1986, we reported a murder Rate of 8.9 
victims per 100,000 population, resulting in an 10 percent increase. 



NATURE 

In 1987, firearms predominated as the weapon most often used 
in the commission of Murder in Maryland, representing 56 percent of the 
total. This compares to 59 percent of the total during 1986. 48 per- 
cent of the total Murders were committed with handguns, while 22 percent 
were committed with a knife or cutting instrument, 5 percent with a shot- 
gun, 6 percent with personal weapons, and 19 percent with other dangerous 
weapons. In 1986, 51 percent of the total Murders were committed with a 
handgun, 22 percent were committed with a knife or cutting instrument, 
5 percent with a shotgun, 5 percent with personal weapons and 15 percent 
with other dangerous weapons. 

The largest number of Murders (73) occurred in the 20-24 age 
group, which comprised 19 percent of the total. In 1986, the largest 
number of Murders (79) occurred in the 25-29 age group, which comprised 
20 percent of the total. 

Murders, as a result of Robberies, accounted for 13 percent 
of the total Murders; narcotic related Murders represented 18 percent. 
In 49 percent of the Murders, the circumstances were not determined 
at the time of the reports. In 1986, Murders, as a result of robberies, 
accounted for 13 percent of the total Murders, while narcotic related 
Murders represented 16 percent. In 47 percent of the Murders, the 
circumstances were not determined at the time of the report. 



36 



CLEARANCES 

In 1987, 73 percent of all Murders were cleared with 6 percent 
of the total solved involving only juveniles. This compares to 1986 with 
a 73 percent clearance rate and 3 percent of the total cleared involving 
only juveniles. 

•PERSONS ARRESTED 

A total of 310 persons were arrested in Maryland for Murder dur- 
ing 1987. In 1986, 386 persons were arrested for murder. 

Of this total, 91 percent were males and 9 percent female. 71 
percent of the total were black while 28 percent were white. 88 percent 
were adults and 12 percent were juveniles. 



* March - September's Arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department are 
not included due to late submissions. 



37 



MURDER 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



6a 



55-- 



50-- 



45-- 



25-- 



20-- 



MURDER 1987 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




,,!''. Hill. 




"I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr 



May Jun Jul Aug 
MONTHS 



Sep Oct Nov Dec 



38 



MURDER 

DISTRIBUTION BY CIRCUMSTANCE 





5 YEAR 














AVERAGE 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


RAPE 


3 


2 


1 


1 


5 


6 


ROBBERY 


50 


57 


53 


48 


43 


48 


BURGLARY 


2 


2 


3 


1 


1 


3 


ARSON 


2 


6 


1 


1 


2 


1 


LARCENY 











1 





1 


PROSTITUTION 





2 














OTHER SEX OFFENSES 


1 





1 


3 





1 


NARCOTIC DRUG LAWS 


58 


80 


65 


44 


45 


56 


LOVER'S TRIANGLE 


18 


16 


16 


5 


28 


22 


BRAWL DUE TO THE INFLUENCE 














OF ALCOHOL 


9 


14 


7 


5 


11 


9 


BRAWL DUE TO THE INFLUENCE 














OF DRUGS 


1 


1 


1 





2 





CHILD KILLED BY BABYSITTER 


3 


2 


2 


3 


2 


4 


INSTITUTIONAL KILLINGS 


1 





1 


1 


2 


3 


ARGUMENTS 


33 


33 


26 


28 


50 


27 


OTHER 


21 


20 


34 


16 


20 


15 


UNKNOWN 


181 


210 


188 


193 


143 


171 


TOTAL 


383 


445 


399 


350 


354 


367 



39 



MURDER 



DISTRIBUTION BY CIRCUMSTANCE 



PERCENT 5 YEAR 
DISTRIB. AVERAGE 



1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 



HANDGUN 



48.1% 187 214 204 177 162 179 



BLUNT OBJECT 



6.3% 



21 



28 



24 



15 



18 



RIFLE 



2.9% 



12 



13 



10 



13 



11 



16 



SHOTGUN 
KNIFE 



5.2% 



21.8% 



21 



85 



23 



97 



21 



83 



16 



77 



26 



81 



85 



PERSONAL 



6.3% 



23 



28 



21 



27 



20 



21 



ALL OTHERS 



9.4% 



34 



42 



36 



25 



36 



30 



TOTAL 



MOO.0% 383 445 399 350 354 



367 



*Percent distribution may not add to 100% due to rounding 



40 



RAPE 




RAPE 



Rape is the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and 
against her will. In Uniform Crime Reporting, Rape is divided into 
two categories: (1) Rape by Force; (2) Attempt to commit Forcible 
Rape. Statutory Rape or the carnal knowledge of a female with no 
force used and where the victim is under the legal age of consent, 
as well as other sex offenses, are not included in this category. 

VOLUME 

During 1987, 1,894 Forcible Rapes were reported to Maryland 
law enforcement agencies. This compares to 1,947 Rapes during 1986 
and results in a 3 percent decrease. 

Rape accounted for 5 percent of the Violent Crimes and .9 
percent of the total Crime Index. 

The month of August showed the highest frequency of Rapes, 
while February showed the lowest. In 1986, September had the highest 
frequency and January showed the lowest. 







5 YEAR 


TREND 










5 YEAR 














AVERAGE 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


Force 


1,352 


1,485 


1,538 


1,320 


1,289 


1,129 


Attempt 


369 


409 


409 


391 


355 


283 


Total 


1,721 


1,894 


1,947 


1,711 


1,644 


1,412 



RATE 

A Crime Rate, in its proper perspective, is a victim risk 
rate since it equates the number of crimes per unit of population. 
In 1987, 83.5 out of e^jery 100,000 females in Maryland were reported 
Rape victims, as compared to 1986, when 87.3 per 100,000 female popu- 
lation were reported victims. This results in a 4 percent decrease 
in the rate of Forcible Rapes. 



NATURE 

During 1987, 78 percent of all Rapes were actual Rapes by 
Force while 22 percent were attempts or assaults to commit Forcible 
Rape. In 1986, 78 percent of all Rapes were actual Rapes by Force 
while 21 percent were attempts or assaults to commit Forcible Rape. 



42 



CLEARANCES 

In Calendar Year 1987, 56 percent of the total number of 
Rapes were cleared with 10 percent of the total solved involving only 
juveniles. In 1986, 60 percent of the total Rapes were cleared and 
9 percent of the total cleared involved only juveniles. 

'PERSONS ARRESTED 

In 1987, there were 712 persons arrested for Rape in Maryland 
In 1986, 889 persons were arrested for Rape. 

81 percent of the total number were 18 years of age or older, 
while the remaining 19 percent were juveniles. 62 percent of the total 
were black and 38 percent white. 



* March - September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department are 
not included due to late submissions. 



43 



RAPE 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



22a 



NUMBER 



OF 



OFFENSES 



21 



20O-- 



190-- 



180-- 



170-- 



160-. 



150-- 



140-- 



130- - 



120-- 



1 10-- 



100-- 



9a 



RAPE 1987 

5 YR. AVERAGE 




4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1- 



Jan Feb Mar Apr 



May Jun Jul Aug 
MONTHS 



Sep Oct Nov Dec 



44 



ROBBERY 




ROBBERY 



Robbery is defined as the taking, or attempting to take 
anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or 
persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting 
the victim in fear. The element of personal confrontation is always 
present in this crime. Under the Uniform Crime Reporting Program, 
all attempts to commit Robbery are included. Robberies are reported 
in four general categories -- firearms; knife or cutting istrument; 
other dangerous weapons; and hands, fists, feet, etc. As a general 
rule, Robbery differs from Larceny in that it is aggravated by the 
element of force or threat of force. 

Robbery, as a crime of Violence, has a serious impact on 
the victim. In many instances serious injury results. Oftentime, 
with or without physical injury, the victim suffers mental anguish. 
Such damage is immeasurable. 

VOLUME 

During 1987, there were 13,363 actual Robbery offenses 
reported to Maryland law enforcement agencies. In 1986, there were 
13,570 Robberies, which results in a decrease of 2 percent. 

Robbery accounted for 38 percent of the Violent Crime cate- 
gory and 5 percent of the total Crime Index. 

A monthly comparison reveals that December had the highest 
frequency of Robberies while May had the lowest frequency. In 1986, 
January had the highest frequency and May had the lowest. 





5 YEAR 


TREND 


5 YEAR 






AVERAGE 


1987 


1986 


5,615 


5,357 


5,696 


1,121 


1,152 


1,091 


5,914 


5,876 


5,752 


1,004 


978 


1,031 



1985 1984 1983 



Firearm 5,615 5,357 5,696 5,457 5,287 6,276 

Knife 1,121 1,152 1,091 1,100 1,064 1,200 

Strong Arm 5,914 5,876 5,752 5,714 5,760 6,469 

Other 1,004 978 1,031 1,005 1,002 1,005 

Total 13,654 13,363 13,570 13,276 13,113 14,950 



46 



RATE 

In 1987, Robbery Rate was 294.7 per 100,000 inhabitants. 
This compares to a rate of 304.1 per 100,000 population in 1986 and 
results in a .3 percent decrease in the Robbery Rate. 

NATURE 

During 1987, 63 percent of the Robberies were committed on 
the street, while only 1 percent were Bank Robberies. In 1986, 64 
percent of the Robberies were committed on the street while 1 percent 
were Bank Robberies. 

Bank Robberies accounted for the highest average value loss, 
$5,593 in 1987. The average value loss for total Robberies was $615. 

Armed perpetrators were responsible for 56 percent of the 
Robbery offenses while 44 percent were muggings or strong-armed Robber- 
ies. This compares to 1986, when 58 percent involved Armed Robberies 
and 42 percent were strong-arm. 

An analysis of Armed Robbbery by type of weapon indicates 
that the use of firearms was predominate, accounting for 72 percent 
of all Armed Robberies. Knives or cutting instruments made up 15 
percent while other dangerous weapons accounted for 13 percent of 
all Armed Robberies. In 1986, 73 percent of the total Armed Robber- 
ies were committed with firearms, 14 percent with knives or cutting 
instruments, and 13 percent with other dangerous weapons. 

CLEARANCES 

In 1987, 24 percent of the total number of Robberies were 
cleared with 14 percent of the total solved involving only juveniles. 
In 1986, 24 percent of the Robberies were cleared and 17 percent of 
those involved only junveniles. 

20 percent of the Armed Robberies were cleared with 7 per- 
cent of the total solved involving only juveniles. 23 percent of the 
strong-arm Robberies recorded a clearance, while 21 percent of the 
total involved only juveniles. 

'PERSONS ARRESTED 

3,086 persons were arrested for Robbery in Maryland during 
1986. In 1986, 3,781 persons were arrested for Robbery. 



* March - September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department are 
not included due to late submissions. 



47 



I 



73 percent of the total number of persons arrested for 
Robbery were adults, while the remaining 27 percent were juveniles. 

81 percent of the total persons arrested were black and 
19 percent were white. 94 percent were males and 6 percent females 



48 



I 
I 



ROBBERY 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



1800. 



1700- - 



1600- - 



1500- - 



1100-- 



1000-- 



900- - 



800- 



ROBBERY 1987 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




^ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 H 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



49 



ROBBERY 



DISTRIBUTION BY NATURE 



CLASSIFICATION 


OF 




OFFENSE 


HIGHWAY 


8,428 


COMMERCIAL HOUSE 


1,843 


SERVICE STATION 


351 


CONVENIENCE STORE 


418 


RESIDENCE 


1,318 


BANK 


192 


MISCELLANEOUS 


813 



NUMBER PERCENT TOTAL AVERAGE 
OF VALUE VALUE 
OFFENSES DISTRIB. (DOLLARS) (DOLLARS) 



63.1% $3,369,517 $ 400 



13.8% 1,964,078 



2.6% 



3.1% 



147,448 



184,002 



9.9% 1,163,399 



1.4% 1,073,885 



6.0% 



317,123 



1,066 
420 
440 
883 

5,593 
390 



TOTAL 



13,363 



*100.0% $8,219,452 $ 615 



*Percent distribution may not add to 100% due to rounding. 



50 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 




AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

Aggravated Assault, as defined under the Maryland Uniform 
Crime Reporting Program, is an unlawful attack by one person upon 
another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily 
injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of 
a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. 
Attempts are included since it is not necessary that any injury 
result when a gun, knife, or other weapon is used which would result 
in serious personal injury if the crime were successfully completed. 
Also included in this category are all attempted Murders. 

Any assault in which hands, fists and feet are used and 
no serious injury to the victim results, is classified as a simple 
assault which falls into the Part II category, and is not included 
as a Crime Index Offense. 



VOLUME 

During 1987, a total of 19,597 Aggravated Assaults were 
reported to Maryland law enforcement agencies. In comparison, there 
were 21,226 Aggravated Assaults in 1986, resulting in a 8 percent 
decrease. 

Aggravated Assault made up 56 percent of the Violent Crime 
category and 8 percent of the total Crime Index. 

The month of July had the highest frequency of Aggravated 
Assaults occurring, while February had the lowest. 

5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 

4,566 4,835 4,888 4,586 4,122 

4,335 4,583 4,555 4,330 4,304 

7,453 7,860 7,717 6,938 5,919 

3,243 3,948 4,265 3,515 3,662 

19,597 21,226 21,425 19,369 18,007 



Fi rearm 




4,599 


Knife 




4,421 


Other 




7,177 


Hands , 


etc . 


3,727 


Total 




19,924 



52 



RATE 

For each 100,000 persons in Maryland during 1987, there 
were 432.1 victims of Aggravated Assault. During 1986, there were 
475.6 Aggravated Assault victims per 100,000 population. A compari- 
son of the two years results in 9 percent decrease. 

NATURE 

In 1987, 23 percent of the Aggravated Assaults were com- 
mitted with the use of a firearm. A knife or cutting instrument was 
used in 22 percent of Assaults and 38 percent were committed with 
other dangerous weapons. The remaining 17 percent were committed 
with personal weapons, such as hands, fists, feet, etc. These fig- 
ures compared to 1986, when 23 percent of Aggravated Assaults were 
committed with a firearm, 22 percent with a knife or cutting instru- 
ment, 37 percent with other dangerous weapons, and 19 percent with 
personal weapons. 

CLEARANCES 

66 percent of the total number of Aggravated Assaults 
were cleared with 11 percent of the total clearances involving 
only juveniles. As compared to 1986, 62 percent of the total were 
cleared, and of those cleared, 11 percent involved only juveniles. 

'PERSONS ARRESTED 

There were 7,004 arrests for Aggravated Assault in Mary- 
land during 1987. In 1986, 7551 persons were arrested. 

81 percent of the total number of persons arrested for 
Aggravated Assault were adults, while 19 percent were juveniles. 48 
percent of the total were black and 52 percent white. 84 percent of 
the total were males, while 16 percent were females. 



*March-September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department are 
not included due to late submissions. 



53 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



2400. 



2300- - 

2200- - 

2100- - 

2000- - 

1900- - 
NUMBER 

OF 1800- - 

OFFENSES 

1700- - 

1600- - 

1500- - 

S 

1400- - 
1300- - 



1200- 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 1987 

5 YR. AVERAGE 




—\ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



54 



BREAKING OR 

ENTERING 




BREAKING OR ENTERING 

Breaking or Entering is defined as the unlawful entry of a 
structure to commit a felony or a theft. 

Data Collection for this offense is further categorized as 
to forcible entries, unlawful entries where no force is used, and 
attempted forcible entries. 

As with other Property Crimes, the motive of personal gain 
coupled with the element of opportunity, results in the commission 
of this offense by both the amateur and the professional perpetrator. 
Only the absence of confrontation and use of force separate this crime 
from Robbery of the Violent Crime group. 

The volume of this offense presents the police with a serious 
enforcement problem, made more difficult in many areas, by the lack of 
sufficient personnel to act as a deterrent and to provide successful 
solutions to these crimes. 



VOLUME 

In 1987, a total of 53,226 Breaking or Enterings were report- 
ed to Maryland law enforcement agencies. In comparison, there were 
55,596 Breaking or Enterings in 1986 resulting in a 4 percent decrease 

Breaking or Enterings made up 25 percent of the Property 
Crime category and 21 percent of the total Crime Index. 

A monthly analysis reveals that December had the highest fre- 
quency of occurrence while April had the lowest frequency. 

5 YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 

Forcible 39,155 38,178 40,572 38,785 38,666 39,573 

No Force 8,073 9,075 8,943 8,381 7,039 6,928 

Attempt 6,009 5,973 6,081 6,002 5,793 6,196 

Total 53,237 53,226 55,596 53,168 51,498 52,697 



56 



RATE 

The Breaking or Entering rate was 1,173.7 per 100,000 in- 
habitants of Maryland during 1986. In 1986, there were 1,245.7 Break- 
ing or Entering victims per 100,000 population. In comparison, this 
results in a 6 percent decrease in the Breaking or Entering Rate. 

NATURE 

In 1987, 72 percent of the Breaking or Enterings involved 
forcible entry, 17 percent were unlawful entries (without force), and 
11 percent were recorded as attempted forcible entries. In comparison, 
73 percent were forcible entry, 16 percent were unlawful entries, and 
11 percent were attempted forcible entries during 1986. 

67 percent of all Breaking or Enterings were committed in 
a residence, while 33 percent were committed in a nonresicience struc- 
ture. In 1986, 67 percent of all Breaking or Enterings were committed 
in a residence, while 33 percent occurred in a nonresidence structure. 

The average dollar value loss for Breaking or Entering was 
$986. This compares to 1986 with $897 and results in a 10 percent in- 
crease. 

CLEARANCES 

In 1987, law enforcement agencies in Maryland were successful 
in clearing 18 percent of the total Breaking or Entering Offenses, of 
which 19 percent involved only juveniles. During 1986, police cleared 
17 percent of the total Breaking or Enterings, with 21 percent of that 
number involving only juveniles. 

•PERSONS ARRESTED 

In 1987, there were 9,815 persons arrested in Maryland for 
Breaking or Entering. In 1986, 10,271 persons were arrested in Breaking 
or Entering arrests. 

69 percent of the total number of persons arrested for Break- 
ing or Entering were adults, while 31 percent were juveniles. 50 per- 
cent of the total were white, 49 percent were black and 1 percent were 
other races. 92 percent of the total were males, while the remaining 
8 percent were females. 



*March - September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department are 
not included due to late submissions. 



57 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



6000. 



5800- - 
5600-- 
5400- - 
5200- - 



NUMBER 

OF 
OFFENSES 



4000-- 
3800-- 
3600-- 
3400-- 
3200- - 



3000- 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 1987 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




V 



H 1 1 1 h 



+ 



■\ 1 1 1- 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



58 



BREAKING OR ENTERING 



DISTRIBUTION BY NATURE 



CLASSIFICATION 



NUMBER PERCENT TOTAL AVERAGE 
OF OF VALUE VALUE 
OFFENSES DISTRIB. (DOLLARS) (DOLLARS 



RESIDENCE TOTAL 

Night 

Day 

Unknown 
NONRESIDENCE TOTAL 

Night 

Day 

Unknown 



3,061 



35,649 67.0% $36,439,794 



9,844 18.4% 7,045, 



12,936 24.3% 13,903,978 



12,869 24.2% 15,489,927 



17,577 33.0% 16,059,947 



6,797 12.7% 5,536,874 



5.8% 4,265,129 



7,719 14.5% 6,257,944 



$ 1,022 

716 

1,075 

1,204 

914 

815 

1,393 

811 



GRAND TOTAL 



53,226 *100.0% $52,499,741 $ 



986 



^Percent distribution may not add to 100% due to rounding. 



59 



LARCENY 




LARCENY 



Larceny-Theft is defined as the unlawful taking, carrying, 
leading, or riding away of property from the possession or construc- 
tive possession of another. It includes such crimes as pocket-picking, 
shoplifting, purse snatching, thefts from autos, thefts of auto parts 
and accessories, bicycle theft, etc. In the UCR Program, this cate- 
gory does not include embezzlement, fraud, forgery, and worthless checks. 
Motor Vehicle Theft, being a special problem, is a separate Crime Index 
Offense and is not reported in the Larceny-Theft category. 

Larceny Offenses cleared by police arrest are dramatically 
affected by the nature of the crime. As with other Property Crimes, 
opportunity and stealth, working in favor of the perpetrator and 
against police detection, reduce solutions for this offense. 

As with other Offenses Against Property, Larceny is primarily 
a crime of opportunity. Types of Larcenies will differ in volume de- 
pending upon the opportunity for theft offered in a given area. 

The average dollar loss in this category was $388 as compared 
to 1985, with an average loss of $364, and results in a 7 percent in- 
crease. A very small portion of goods stolen are recovered and returned 
to victims, due to a low clearance rate and lack of specific identifica- 
tion characteristics on such property. In addition, many offenses in 
this category, particularly where the value of goods stolen is small, 
never come to police attention. 

VOLUME 

In 1987, there were 136,863 Offenses of Larceny-Theft reported 
as compared to 1986 with 132,899 Offenses and a 3 percent increase. Lar- 
ceny-Theft make's up 54 percent of the Crime Index total and 63 percent 
of the Property Crime total. 

August shows the highest frequency of Larceny Offenses in a 
monthly analysis, while January shows the lowest. 

RATE 

The Larceny Crime Rate was 3,017.9 per 100,000 inhabitants of 
Maryland during 1987. In 1986, there were 2,977.8 Larcenies per 100,000 
population, resulting in a 1 percent increase in the Larceny Rate. 



62 



NATURE 

Larcenies of Auto Parts and Accessories recorded the high- 
est percentage with 21 percent of the total Larcenies reported in 
this category. Pocket-Picking had the lowest frequency with a .6 
percent of the total. In 1986, Larcenies of Auto Parts and Accesso- 
ries had the highest frequency with 22 percent of the total, while 
Pocket-Picking had the lowest frequency with 16 percent. 



CLEARANCES 

In 1987, law enforcement agencies cleared 18 percent of 
the total Larceny-Theft Offenses, of which 23 percent of the total 
clearances involved only juveniles. In 1986, police cleared 18 per- 
cent of the total Larceny Offenses with 23 percent of that number 
involving only juveniles. 



■PERSONS ARRESTED 

There were 24,351 persons arrested for Larceny in Maryland 
during 1987. In 1986, 25,421 persons were arrested for Larceny. 

31 percent of the total persons arrested for Larceny were 
under 18 years of age. Females comprised 27 percent of all arrests 
for Larceny, and had a greater involvement in this offense than in 
any of the other Crime Index Offenses. 

52 percent of all persons arrested for Larceny were black, 
47 percent were white, and 1 percent of other races. 



*March - September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department 
are not included due to late submissions. 



63 



LARCENY 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



17000. 



16000-- 



15000-- 



14000-- 



9000- - 



8000- - 



7000- 



LARCENY 1987 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



64 



LARCENY 



5 YEAR TREND 



CLASSIFICATION 



5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 



1987 



1986 



1985 



1984 



1983 



POCKET-PICKING 



861 



778 



806 



896 



981 



843 



PURSE SNATCHING 1,811 1,619 1,718 1,611 



1,774 2,331 



SHOPLIFTING 



FROM AUTOS 

AUTO PARTS & 
ACCESSORIES 



BICYCLES 



16,322 18,102 17,171 15,783 14,955 15,601 



23,648 28,460 24,867 21,944 21,820 21,150 



29,075 29,384 29,714 28,354 27,071 30,854 



7,216 6,465 7,442 7,324 7,315 7,533 



FROM BUILDINGS 25,588 26,346 26,073 25,938 25,182 24,399 

1,894 2,079 1,816 2,161 1,704 1,712 



COIN OPERATED 
MACHINES 



ALL OTHERS 



22,990 23,631 23,292 22,182 22,823 23,020 



TOTAL 



129,405 136,864 132,899 126,193 123,625 127,443 



65 



MOTOR VEHICLE 

THEFT 




MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 



Motor Vehicle Theft is defined as the theft or attempted 
theft of a motor vehicle. This definition excludes taking a motor 
vehicle for temporary use, such as a family situation or unauthor- 
ized use by others having lawful access to the vehicle, such as 
chauffeurs, etc. 

The crime of Motor Vehicle Theft has been labeled primarily 
as a crime of opportunity. The youthful offender finds the motor ve- 
hicle easily accessible for transportation for any purpose. The re- 
maining thefts are mainly for the purpose of resale, theft of parts, 
and for use in committing other crimes. 



VOLUME 

In 1987, there were 26,419 Motor Vehicle Thefts reported 
to law enforcement agencies in the state of Maryland. This is a 
9 percent increase when compared to the 24,331 Motor Vehicle Thefts 
reported in 1986. Motor Vehicle Theft makes up 12 percent of the 
Property Offense category and 10 percent of the Index Offenses. 

A monthly analysis for 1987 indicates that more motor 
vehicles were stolen during December than other months, and June 
showed the fewest being stolen. 



5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 

Auto 16,148 21,556 19,272 15,468 12,959 11,484 

Truck 2,178 2,702 2,299 1,962 2,007 1,922 

Other 2,471 2,161 2,760 2,835 2,318 2,282 

Total 20,797 26,419 24,331 20,265 17,284 15,688 



The Motor Vehicle Theft Rate of 582.6 per 100,000 inhabi- 
tants is 7 percent higher than the rate of 545.2 per 100,000 inhabi- 
tants for 1986. 



68 



Nature 

Automobiles accounted for 82 percent of the total number 
of vehicles stolen. Trucks and buses made up 10 percent and other 
motor vehicles comprised 8 percent of the total. In comparison, 
automobiles accounted for 79 percent, trucks and buses 9 percent, 
and other motor vehicles 11 percent in 1986. 

67 per cent of the stolen value was recovered. This is a 
11 percent decrease when compared to the 75 percent of the stolen 
value recovered in 1986. 

5 YEAR TREND 

(Value in Mi 1 1 ions ) 





5 YEAR 














AVERAGE 


1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


Stolen 


100 


163 


120 


94 


67 


58 


Recovered 


72 


110 


91 


71 


50 


40 


Clearances 















In 1987, law enforcement agencies cleared 17 percent of 
the Motor Vehicle Thefts. This is the same percentage as in 1 



35 percent of the total clearances for Motor Vehicle Theft 
involved only juveniles during 1987, compared to 31 percent in 1986. 

* Persons Arrested 

5,453 persons were arrested in Maryland for Motor Vehicle 
Theft during 1987. In 1986, 5,269 persons were arrested for Motor 
Vehicle Theft. 

Of the total persons arrested for Motor Vehicle Theft, 47 
percent were adults and 53 percent juveniles. 28 percent of the 
total were white, 71 percent were black and 1 percent were other races 
92 percent of the total persons arrested for Motor Vehicle Theft were 
males and 8 percent were females. 



*March - September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department 
are not included due to late submissions. 



69 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



2700. 



NUMBER 

OF 
OFFENSES 



2600-- 

2500- - 

2400- - 

2300- - 

2200- - ' 

2100-- 

2000- - 

1900-- 

1800-- 

1700-- 

1600-- 

1500-- 

140C 

1300-U 



1200- 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 1987 
5 YR. AVERAGE 











V 






v ,i 

V 



/ 



I I.. J 

/ 



/ 



H 1 1 1 \ 1 \ 1 1 h 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



70 



ARSON 



Arson is defined as any willful or malicious burning or 
attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, 
public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of 
another, etc. Only fires determined through investigation to have 
been willfully or maliciously set are classified as Arsons. Fires of 
suspicious or unknown origins are excluded. 

Arson offenses frequently occur in conjuction with other 
index crimes; e.g., Breaking or Entering. However, according to UCR 
procedures in such multiple offense situations, only one crime is 
selected on the basis of an established hierarchy. For example, if 
a Breaking or Entering and Arson occurred at the same time and place, 
only the Breaking or Entering would be reported if the crimes were 
subjected to the hierarchy rule of reporting index offenses. This 
assumes that Arson would be listed subordinate to Breaking or Enter- 
ing in the hierarchy. Arson has been excluded from this hierarchical 
procedure, and regardless of its occurrence in conjunction with another 
crime against property or crime against a person, the Arson is reported, 



VOLUME 

In 1987, there were 2,775 Arsons reported. This is a 9 per- 
cent decrease when compared to the 3,043 Arsons reported in 1986. 

A monthly analysis indicates August had the highest frequency 
of occurrence, while January had the lowest. 



NATURE 

The most frequent target of Arsons in 1987 were structures, 
comprising 50 percent of the total reported incidents. Mobile (motor 
vehicles, trailers, airplanes, boats, etc.) and other property (crops, 
timber, fences, signs, etc.) accounted for the remaining offenses with 
26 and 24 percent respectively. 

Residences comprised 56 percent of the structures at which 
Arsons were directed. 18 percent of all targeted structural property 
was uninhabited or abandoned at the time the Arson occurred. 

The total monetary value of property damaged, due to report- 
ed Arsons during 1987, was over 27 million dollars with an average loss 
per incident of 9,984. 



72 



CLEARANCE 

19 percent of all reported Arsons were cleared by arrest 
or exceptional means in 1987. In 1986, 20 percent of Arsons were 
cleared. 

35 percent of the total clearances for Arson involved only 
juveniles during 1987, compared to 41 percent in 1986. 



"PERSONS ARRESTED 

In 1987, there were 503 persons arrested in Maryland for 
Arson. In 1986, 661 persons were arrested for Arson. 

51 percent of the total number of persons arrested for 
Arson were adults, while 49 percent were juveniles. 69 percent of 
the total were white, 30 percent were black and 1 percent were 
other races. 87 percent of the total were males, while the remaining 
13 percent were females. 



*March - September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department are 
not included due to late submissions. 



73 



600. 



550- - 



500- - 



450- - 



150-- 



100- 



ARSON 



VOLUME BY MONTH 



ARSON 1987 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1- 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



74 



ARSON 



DISTRIBUTION BY TYPE OF PROPERTY 



CLASSIFICATION 


NUMBER 

OF 
OFFENSES 


PERCENT 

OF 
DISTRIB. 


AVERAGE 
VALUE 
(DOLLARS) 


PERCENT 
CLEARED 


TOTAL STRUCTURAL 


1 


,388 


50.0% 


$ 18,058 


30% 


Single Occupany Residential 




536 


19.3% 


11,345 


32% 


Other Residential 




246 


8.9% 


8,173 


32% 


Storage 




152 


5.5% 


19,056 


20% 


Industrial /Manufacturing 




21 


.8% 


264,032 


19% 


Other Commercial 




147 


5.3% 


29,217 


14% 


Community/Publ ic 




218 


7.9% 


6,673 


44% 


All Other Structure 




68 


2.5% 


4,639 


15% 


TOTAL MOBILE 




715 


25.8% 


3,562 


7% 


Motor Vehicles 




640 


23.1% 


3,359 


7% 


Other Mobile Property 




75 


2.7% 


5,289 


9% 



OTHER 



672 



24.2% 



164 



10% 



TOTAL 



2,775 *100.0% $ 9,984 



19% 



Percent distribution may not add to 100% due to rounding 



75 



R 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA 

The tables contained within this section were designed to 
facilitate quick reference of statistical crime information relative 
to the different reporting areas of the State of Maryland. 

The tables are broken down by Region. Within each Region 
information is listed in County name sequence and is further detailed 
to show the activity experienced by individual police agencies. The 
general indentifying descriptions which indicate the reporting areas 
are listed and defined as follows: 

Regional Total - This line indicates the total activity of 

all the Counties within the indicated Region 

County Total - This line indicates the total activity of 

all reporting Agencies within the indicated 
County. 

Sheriff - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by Sheriff's Offices. This is to 
include activity which may have occurred 
within the corporate limits of towns in 
that County. 

County Police 

Department - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by County Police Departments. 

This is to include activity which may 

have occurred within the corporate limits 

of towns in that County. 

State Police - This line indicates the total activity 

reported by all State Police installations 
within the indicated reporting area. 
This is to include activity which may 
have occurred within the corporate limits 
of towns in that County. 

Municipal 

Pol ice 

Departments - This line indicates the total activity 
reported by the individually specified 
police department to include only those 
crimes which were handled by that depart- 
ment. 



77 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA (cont'd) 

The five Regions used in the Maryland Uniform Crime Report- 
ing Program consist of the following: 

Region 1 - Eastern Shore 

Caroline County 
Cecil County 
Dorchester County 
Kent County 
Queen Anne's County 
Somerset County 
Talbot County 
Wicomico County 
Worcester County 

Region II - Southern Maryland 

Calvert County 
Charles County 
St. Mary's County 

Region III - Western Maryland 

Allegany County 
Carroll County 
Frederick County 
Garrett County 
Washington County 

Region IV - Washington Metropolitan Region 

Montgomery County 
Prince George's County 

Region V - Baltimore Metropolitan Region 

Baltimore City 
Anne Arundel County 
Baltimore County 
Harford County 
Howard County 

The tabulations in this section indicate the volume of Crime 
in Maryland. The measure used in a Crime Index consisting of seven 
offenses which are counted as they become known to the law enforcement 
agencies. Crime classifications used in the Index are: Murder and 
Nonnegligent Manslaughter, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated Assault, 
Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft, and Motor Vehicle Theft* 

*Arson figures included are not computed in the total offenses or 
crime rates. 



78 



INDEX OFFENSE DATA (Cont'd) 

Each heading contained in this report is defined below: 

Population: The Federal Bureau of Investigation provides 
estimated populations for the State, Regions, 
and Counties on a yearly basis. 

Total Offenses: This is the sum total of the seven Index Offenses. 

Total Cleared: The sum total of the seven Index Offenses cleared. 

Percent Cleared: The percentage of Index Offenses cleared by arrest 
or exceptional means. The mathematical formula 
may be expressed as follows: 

Total Index offenses Cleared 
Percent Cleared = Total Actual Index Offenses Reported x 100 

Crime Rate: This rate is the number of Index Offenses per 

100,000 population. To compute a crime rate, 
you must divide the population by 100,000 and 
divide the number of offenses by that answer. 

Example: Population for Region X = 312,010 

Number of Index Offenses = ^3 Qg2 
for Region X this year 

312,010 = 3.120 
100,000 

13,092 = 4,196.2 
3.120 

Crime Rate for Region X = 4,196.2 

Crime Rates for the individual agencies are not calculated in 
the following table because of overlapping jurisdiction in many cities of 
municipal, county and state law enforcement agencies. This table contains 
the offenses reported by the individual agencies with crime rates for the 
county and region totals. Arson offenses in this table are listed opposite 
the agency reporting the arson. In the Municipality Table, the Arsons are 
listed in the municipality where they occurred. 



79 



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102 



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Q. 



t— < t 

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103 



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104 



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rH r-. < 

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105 



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106 






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107 



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110 



MUNICIPALITY CRIME RATES 



Crime Rates for the individual cities are calculated in the 
following table. The rates for many cities are based on combined fi- 
gures of municipal, county and state Law Enforcement Agencies due to 
overlapping jurisdictions. 



111 





E 4> 

(_> or 


O *«- 

t— o 


J- 


01 

a 
at 


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I- « 


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t- c 

CO LU 




> 


o 

u 


REGION I 


CAROLINE COUNTY 



Denton 



1986 

1987 

I change 



6,550.0 

7,350.0 

♦ 12.2 



131 

147 

+12.2 



7 
20 



4 3 
33 



"0 
-1 



(0) 
(0) 



Federals burg 



1986 
1987 

% change 



5,190.5 

4,300.0 

-17.2 



109 
86 

-21.1 



23 
25 



63 
45 



(4) 

(4) 



Goldsboro 



1986 

1987 

% change 



500.0 



-ino.o 



l 
o 

-100.0 



(0) 
(0) 



Greensboro 



1986 

1987 

I change 



2,923.1 

2,642.9 

-9.6 



38 

37 

-2.6 



(1) 
(0) 



Marydel 



1986 

1987 

% change 



(0) 
(0) 



Preston 



1986 

1987 

% change 



3,600.0 

1,800.0 

-50.0 



18 

9 

-50.0 



(2) 
(0) 



Ridgely 



1986 

1987 

% change 



4,222.2 

1,600.0 

-62.1 



38 

16 

-57.9 



(1) 
(0) 



CECIL COUNTr 



Cecil ton 



1986 

1987 

% change 



1,666.6 

1,500.0 
-10.0 



10 

9 

-10.0 



(2) 
(0) 



Charlestown 



1986 

1987 

t change 



1,875.0 

3,142.9 

+67.6 



15 

22 

+46.7 



(0) 

(0) 



Chesapeake City 



1986 

1987 

t change 



3,500.0 

1,900.0 

-45.7 



35 

19 

-45.7 



21 
8 



(2) 
(1) 



Elkton 



1986 
1987 

t change 



7,845.1 

8,397.3 

+7.0 



557 

613 

♦ 10.1 



12 

43 



94 
18 



394 
407 



26 

Sl) 



(12) 
(4) 



Northeast 



1986 

1987 

I change 



4,411.8 
4,588.2 

+4.0 



75 

78 

+4.0 



53 
45 



(5) 
(0) 



Perryville 



1986 

1987 

I change 



3,381.0 

3,761.9 

+ 11.3 



71 

79 

+ 11.3 



25 
IS 



14 



(1) 
(2) 



Port Deposit 



1986 

1987 

I change 



2,857.1 

4,857.1 

♦ 70.0 



20 

34 

♦ 70.0 



M 
20 



(2) 
(0) 



Rising Sun 



1986 

1987 

1 change 



3,071.4 

2.071.4 

-32.6 



43 

29 

-32.6 



26 

17 



(3) 
(0) 



112 



DORCHESTER COUNTY 






m at 



Cambridge 



1986 8,504.3 

1987 8,392.9 
% change -1.3 



978 

910 

-3.9 



27 

?? 



81 
83 



235 
228 



609 
578 



21 
23 



(8) 
(8) 



Hurlock 



1986 3,555.6 

1987 4,777.8 
% change +34.4 



64 

86 

+34.4 



46 

47 



(4) 
(0) 



KENT COUNTY 



Chestertown 



1986 4,939.4 

1987 4,687.5 
change -5.1 



163 

150 

-8.0 



103 
106 



(0) 
(1) 



Rock Hall 



1986 4,687.5 

1987 3,000.0 
change -36.0 



75 

78 

-36.0 



40 
34 



(1) 
(1) 



QUEEN ANNE'S COUNTY 



Centreville 



1986 3,150.0 

1987 4,631.6 
t change +47.0 












7 


15 


39 


2 


(0) 


1 








15 


12 


56 


4 


(0) 



+39.7 



SOMERSET COUNTY 



Princess Anne 



1986 


3,862.1 


112 








2 


4 


28 


75 


3 


(1) 


1987 


5,827.6 


169 











2 


90 


76 


1 


(2) 


change 


+50.9 


+50.9 


















1986 


12,200.0 


183 





5 


2 


16 


25 


128 


7 


(2) 


1987 


9,437.5 


151 





2 





12 


26 


108 


3 


(2) 


change 


-22.6 


-17.5 



















TALBOT COUNTY 



Eastern 



1986 7,302.3 

1987 7,104.7 
% change -2.7 



628 





3 


10 


50 


141 


402 


22 


(2) 


611 





4 


16 


80 


108 


386 


17 


(4) 


2.7 


















13 














2 


11 





(0) 


8 

















8 





(2) 



Oxford 



1986 1,625.0 

1987 1,000.0 
% change -38.5 



-38.5 



St. Michaels 



1986 7,785.7 

1987 7,000.0 
% change -10.1 



-10.1 



(0) 
(0) 



Trappe 



1986 111.1 

1987 111.1 
% change +0.0 



1 

1 

+0.0 



(0) 
(0) 



WICOMICO COUNTY 



Delmar 



1986 4,571.4 

1987 5,142.9 
% change +12.5 



64 

72 

+12.5 



40 
52 



(0) 
(0) 



1986 6,032.3 

1987 7,117.6 
% change +18.0 



187 

242 

+29.4 



7 
23 



33 
54 



134 
158 



(0) 
(0) 



1986 

1987 

% change 



(0) 
(0) 



113 






Salisbury 



1986 11,848.0 

1987 12,377.8 
X change +4.5 



2,025 
2,223 
+10.0 



210 
178 



494 
492 



1,182 
1,359 



62 
105 



(10) 
(3) 



Sharptown 



1986 

1987 

% change 



(0) 
(0) 



Willards 



1986 

1987 

X change 



200.0 



-100.0 



1 



-100.0 



(0) 
(0) 



WORCHESTER COUNTY 



Berlin 



Ocean City 



1986 
1987 

% change 



3,586.2 

2,117.6 

-41.0 



104 

72 

-30.8 



1986 

1987 

X change 



39,936.5 
32,493.0 

-18.6 



2,516 
2.307 

-8.3 



22 



99 

70 



33 
22 



6: 

47 



497 
459 



1,824 
1,714 



53 



(0) 
(0) 



(18) 
(14) 



Ocean Pines 



1986 

1987 

X change 



9,714.3 

7,214.3 

-25.7 



136 

101 

-25.7 



76 
41 



6 4 
b7 



(0) 
(0) 



Pocomoke City 



1986 

1987 

X change 



5,888.9 

5,432.4 

-7.8 



212 
201 
-5.2 



180 
152 



(0) 
(0) 



Snow Hill 



1986 
1987 

I change 



142.9 

90.9 

-36.4 



3 

2 

-33.3 



(1) 
(0) 



REGION II 



CALVERT COUNTY 



Chesapeake Beach 



1986 3,210.5 

1987 3,523.8 
X change +9.8 



61 











16 


18 


24 


3 


(0) 


74 











11 


17 


43 


3 


(0) 


+21.3 


















54 











8 


23 


22 


1 


(1) 


50 











14 


12 


24 





(2) 


-7.4 



















North Beach 



1986 2,454.5 

1987 1,851.9 
X change -24.6 



EHMtl ' COUNTY 



Indian Head 



1986 3,437.5 

1987 4,747.2 
X change +38.1 



55 











5 


13 


36 


1 


(0) 


76 











15 


15 


42 


4 


(1) 


+38.1 


















164 








3 


13 


21 


120 


7 


(5) 


288 


1 


2 


4 


19 


63 


188 


11 


(6) 


+ 75.6 



















La Plata 



1986 5,655.2 

1987 8,727.3 
X change +54.3 



ST. MARY'S COUNTY 



Leonardtown 



1986 7,400.0 

1987 7.875.0 
X change +6.4 



111 





1 





3 


35 


71 


1 


(4) 


126 





1 


4 


14 


35 


72 





(2) 


♦ 13.5 



















REGION III 



ALLEGANY COUNTY 



Bar • on 



1986 

1987 

X change 



(0) 
(0) 



114 



Cumberland 



1986 

1987 

% change 



I. 

4,303.6 
4,135.6 

-3.9 



1,063 

976 

-8.2 



26 
35 



CO i.i 



213 

177 



786 
718 



10 
10 



(6) 
(2) 



Frostburg 



1986 

1987 

X change 



3,236.8 

3,700.0 

+ 14.3 



246 
259 

+5.3 



194 
209 



(4) 
(1) 



Lonaconing 



1986 

1987 

% change 



(0) 

(0) 



1986 

1987 

% change 



666.7 
1,333.3 

+100.0 



2 

4 
+100.0 



(0) 
(0) 



Midland 



1986 

1987 

change 



(0) 
(0) 



Westernport 



1986 
1987 

% change 



1,333.3 
1,769.2 

+32.7 



36 

46 

+27.8 



20 
27 



(0) 
(1) 



CARROLL COUNTY 



Hampstead 



1986 
1987 

% change 



2,071.4 

1,800.0 

-13.1 



29 

27 

-6.9 



24 
24 



(1) 
(3) 



1986 

1987 

% change 



1,800.0 



-61.4 



36 

16 

-55.6 



(1) 
(5) 



New Windsor 



1986 

1987 

% change 



777.8 

1,000.0 

+28.6 



7 

9 

+28.6 



(1) 
(1) 



Sykesville 



1986 

1987 

% change 



3,550.0 
3,619.0 

+ 1.9 



71 

76 

+7.0 



21 

10 



41 
48 



(3) 
(10) 



Taneytown 



1986 

1987 

% change 



2,413.8 
2,600.0 

+7.7 



70 

78 

+11.4 



(0) 
(1) 



Union Bridge 



1986 

1987 

% change 



90. S 



(0) 
(0) 



Westminster 



1986 

1987 

% change 



5,653.1 

5,336.5 

-5.6 



554 

555 

+0.2 



24 

28 



153 
90 



345 
405 



18 
23 



(25) 

(27) 



FREDERICK COUNTY 



Burkittsville 



1986 


1 


,860.0 


93 





1 





10 


20 


54 


8 


(12) 


1987 


2 


,115.4 


110 





2 


1 


2 


24 


73 


8 


(0) 


% change 




+13.7 


+18.3 


















1986 




500.0 


1 














1 








(1) 


1987 




500.0 


1 

















1 





(0) 


% change 




+0.0 


+0.0 



















115 







01 

E oi 
••- ■*-> 

i~ io 
<_> a: 


01 

w— C 

to oi 

o«+- 
1— o 




c 


L- 
01 
XI 
.O 

o 
ex 


> w— 
« => 

i- *o 

C71 (A 


C7i tr> 

c c 

<o OI 

£3 UJ 




**- 

OI 

t— 

> 


c 
o 


Enmitsburg 


1986 


625.4 


10 














1 


8 


1 


(2) 




1987 


2,187.5 


35 











6 


9 


19 


1 


(3) 




I change 


+250.0 


+250.0 


















Frederick 


1986 


7,429.9 


2,437 


1 


9 


52 


409 


431 


1,423 


112 


(38) 




1987 


7,562.7 


2,594 


1 


19 


48 


361 


562 


1,485 


118 


(24) 




t change 


+1.8 


+6.4 


















Hiddletown 


1986 


1,333.3 


24 














5 


19 





(2) 




1987 


1,777.8 


32 











2 


7 


23 





(1) 




% change 


+33.3 


+33.3 


















*Ht. Airy 


1986 


566.7 


17 














6 


11 





(3) 




1987 


533.3 


16 











2 


6 


7 


1 


(2) 




t change 


-5.9 


-5.9 


















Hyersville 


1986 


400.0 


2 














2 








(1) 




1987 


1,600.0 


8 














3 


5 





(1) 




% change 


+300.0 


+300.0 


















Hew Market 


1986 


- 


























(0) 




1987 


200.0 


1 

















1 





(0) 




% change 


- 


. 


















Thurmont 


1986 


2,032.3 


63 








1 


5 


13 


42 


2 


(2) 




1987 


2,968.8 


95 











14 


12 


65 


4 


(1) 




% change 


+46.1 


+50.8 


















Walkersville 


1986 


862.1 


25 











2 


10 


13 





(1) 




1987 


1,206.9 


35 











2 


6 


26 


1 


(2) 




% change 


+40.0 


+40.0 


















Woodsboro 


1986 


1,200.0 


6 














3 


2 


1 


(1) 




1987 


1,600.0 


8 











1 


5 


2 





(0) 




% change 


+33.3 


+33.3 


















GARRETT COUNTY 


Friendsville 


1986 


1,000.0 


5 











1 


3 


1 





(0) 




1987 


1,800.0 


9 











2 


3 


4 





(0) 




t change 


+80.0 


♦60. 


















Grantsville 


1986 


200.0 


1 

















1 





(0) 




1987 


200.0 


1 














1 








(0) 




% change 


+0.0 


+0.0 


















Ht. Lake Park 


1986 


500.0 


9 











3 


3 


3 





(0) 




1987 


777.8 


14 











2 


1 


11 





(0) 




t change 


+55.6 


+55.6 


















Oakland 


1986 


3,200.0 


64 











2 


18 


38 


6 


(1) 




1987 


3,166.7 


57 











3 


9 


42 


3 


(1) 




I change 


-1.0 


-10.9 


















WASHINGTON COUNTY 


Boonsboro 


1986 


550.0 


11 











1 


7 


2 


1 


(0) 




1987 


333.3 


7 











1 


2 


4 





(1) 




1 change 


-39.4 


-36.4 


















Clear Spring 


1986 


1,600.0 


8 











1 


5 


2 





(0) 




1987 


3,200.0 


16 











2 


6 


6 


2 


(0) 




: >l |fl J.- 


HOC. 


noo 



















'Although Mt. Airy lies in Carroll, Frederick and Howard Counties, for purposes of this report, we have shown the data for the entire city In 
Frederick County. 



116 







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o 

L. 


Funkstown 


1986 


583.3 


7 


1 








1 


3 


2 





(0) 




1987 


1,166.6 


14 














4 


10 





(0) 




% change 


+100.0 


+100.0 


















Hagerstown 


1986 


5,289.1 


1,793 


1 


8 


43 


94 


459 


1,099 


89 


(37) 




1987 


5,606.4 


1,849 


1 


4 


89 


67 


471 


1,126 


91 


(39) 




% change 


*6.0 


+3.1 


















Hancock 


1986 


1,894.7 


36 











5 


7 


21 


3 


(1) 




1987 


3,444.4 


62 











14 


21 


25 


2 


(0) 




% chanqe 


+81.8 


+72.2 


















Keedysville 


1986 


- 


























(0) 




1987 


- 


























(0) 




% change 


- 


_ 


















Sharpsburg 


1986 


857.1 


6 














3 


3 





(2) 




1987 


1,857.1 


13 











1 


5 


7 





(0) 




% chanqe 


+116.7 


+116.7 


















Smithsburg 


1986 


1,666.7 


15 














7 


7 


1 


(1) 




1987 


3,222.2 


29 











3 


7 


16 


3 


(0) 




% chanqe 


+93.3 


+93.2 


















Will iamsport 


1986 


2,800.0 


56 








3 


4 


16 


27 


6 


(0) 




1987 


3,142.9 


66 








1 


4 


14 


42 


5 


(0) 




% change 


+ 12.2 


+ 17.9 



















REGION IV 



•MONTGOMERY COUNTY 



Chevy Chase IV 




1986 


1,172.4 


34 








1 





6 


26 


1 


(-) 






1987 


1,551.7 


45 











1 


13 


30 


1 


(-) 






% change 


+32.4 


+32.4 


















Chevy Chase Vill 


ige 


1986 


2,900.0 


58 














24 


33 


1 


(-) 






1987 


3,142.9 


66 








6 


3 


20 


34 


3 


(-) 






% change 


+8.4 


+13.8 


















Gaithersburg 




1986 


6,257.4 


1,896 





9 


44 


84 


297 


1,298 


164 


(-) 






1987 


6,018.2 


1,980 


1 


13 


44 


75 


264 


1,412 


171 


(-) 






% chanqe 


-3.8 


+4.3 


















Garrett Park 




1986 


666.7 


8 














1 


6 


1 


(-) 






1987 


1,333.4 


16 














9 


7 





(-) 






% change 


+100.0 


+100.0 


















Kensington 




1986 


7,944.4 


143 








3 





30 


103 


7 


(-) 






1987 


8,666.7 


156 





1 


6 





24 


117 


8 


(-) 






% change 


+9.1 


+9.1 


















Poolesville 




1986 


1,882.4 


64 











8 


15 


38 


3 


(-) 






1987 


2,323.5 


79 











4 


16 


57 


2 


(-) 






% change 


+23.4 


+23.4 


















Rockville 




1986 


4,813.9 


2,224 


1 


13 


53 


77 


355 


1,538 


187 


(-) 






1987 


4,872.1 


2,324 


1 


15 


70 


97 


402 


1,548 


191 


(-) 






% chanqe 


+ 1.2 


+4.5 


















Somerset 




1986 


1,454.5 


16 














3 


13 





(-) 






1987 


1,454.5 


16 











1 


7 


8 





(-) 



% chanqe 



+0.0 



•Breakdown by Municipality for arson not available from Montqomery County. 



117 







g 

= 01 

••- *-> 


0> 

r— C 
•O O) 
■•J «4- 

o -*- 

i— O 




01 

£ 


>» 

L 

a 
o 


> f— 

i- *> 

cn «/> 


C7> CTt 

Z C 

<L» *-> 
i- C 
CO IjJ 


c 
oi *j 

u •♦- 
"3 JZ 


01 

:> 


B 
O 

u 




• • ■ "jkoma Park 


1986 


6,169.9 


944 





6 


61 


71 


296 


435 


75 


-) 




1987 


5,973.3 


896 





10 


67 


46 


224 


463 


86 


") 




X Change 


-3.2 


-5.1 


















+*"PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 




Berwyn Heights 


1986 


2,774.2 


86 








4 


6 


13 


48 


15 


-) 




1987 


2,689.7 


78 








3 


6 


12 


50 


7 


-) 




X change 


-3.0 


-9.3 


















Bladensburg 


1986 


12,075.9 


954 





15 


73 


83 


157 


461 


165 


-) 




1987 


11,487.2 


896 





9 


54 


55 


221 


402 


155 


-) 




X change 


-4.9 


-6.1 


















Bowie 


1986 


2,902.4 


1,071 


1 


4 


28 


49 


240 


657 


92 


-) 




1987 


2,796.7 


1,032 


1 


7 


21 


68 


208 


634 


93 


-) 




X change 


-3.6 


-3.6 


















Brentwood 


1986 


6,312.5 


202 


1 


3 


8 


15 


50 


85 


40 


-) 




1987 


6,093.8 


195 








5 


32 


46 


91 


21 


-) 




X change 


-3.5 


-3.5 


















Capital Heights 


1986 


4,736.8 


180 


1 


2 


18 


10 


23 


85 


41 


-) 




1987 


6,552.6 


249 





6 


21 


18 


40 


87 


77 


-) 




X change 


+38.3 


+38.3 


















Cheverly 


1986 


5,879.3 


341 





5 


24 


14 


79 


162 


57 


-) 




1987 


6,052.6 


345 





3 


21 


10 


81 


150 


80 


-) 




X change 


+2.9 


+1.2 


















College Park 


1986 


9,750.0 


2,262 


1 


12 


37 


62 


534 


1,475 


141 


-) 




1987 


9,973.0 


2,214 


1 


16 


42 


55 


456 


1,513 


131 


") 




X change 


+2.3 


-2.1 


















Colmar Manor 


1986 


4,230.8 


55 








3 


9 


17 


22 


4 


-) 




1987 


5,583.3 


67 





1 


11 


5 


21 


25 


4 


-) 




X change 


+32.0 


+21.8 


















Cottage City 


1986 


11,090.9 


122 








8 


3 


20 


79 


12 


") 




1987 


7,909.1 


87 





4 


3 


6 


32 


29 


13 


-) 




X change 


-28.7 


-28.7 


















District Heights 


1986 


5,185.7 


363 


1 


2 


18 


35 


97 


162 


48 


-) 




1987 


4,102.9 


279 





5 


12 


34 


69 


100 


59 


") 




X change 


-20.9 


-23.1 


















Eagle Harbor 


1986 


4,000.0 


4 














1 





3 


-) 




1987 


1,000.0 


1 

















1 





") 




I change 


-75.0 


-75.0 


















Edmonston 


1986 


7,909.1 


84 


1 




1 


4 


20 


53 


4 


-) 




1987 


8,600.0 


86 







4 


7 


20 


46 


7 


-) 




X change 


+8.7 


+2.4 


















Fair-mount Heights 


1986 


11,875.0 


190 







12 


24 


60 


61 


31 


") 




1987 


8,625.0 


138 







15 


21 


38 


28 


33 


") 




X change 


-27.4 


-27.4 


















Forest Heights 


1986 


4.833.3 


145 







12 


14 


28 


80 


10 


-) 




1987 


5,793.1 


168 







8 


22 


36 


81 


20 


") 




X chanqe 


+19.9 


♦ 15.9 


















Glenarden 


1986 


5,733.3 


258 





3 


25 


41 


84 


75 


30 


") 




1987 


6,955.6 


313 


2 


6 


29 


73 


88 


73 


42 


-) 




: i hanot 


+21.3 


♦21.3 



















•■ 'hough Takoma Park lies in Montgomery and Pr. George's Counties, for purposes of this 
for the entire city In Montgomery County. 

"••Breakdown by municipality for arson not available from Pr. George's County. 



report, we have shown the data 



118 



Greenbel t 


1986 


6,058.5 


1,036 





10 


35 


50 


201 


622 


118 


-) 




1987 


6,963.4 


1,142 





11 


30 


61 


179 


698 


163 


-) 




% Change 


+14.9 


+10.2 


















Hyattsville 


1986 


6,890.8 


820 


1 


6 


54 


42 


170 


440 


107 


-) 




1987 


6,965.8 


815 


4 


4 


73 


25 


172 


443 


104 


-) 




% Change 


+1.1 


-0.6 


















Landover Hills 


1986 


6,071.4 


85 








6 


6 


32 


34 


7 


-) 




1987 


6,076.9 


79 





1 


2 


5 


21 


33 


17 


-) 




% Chanqe 


+0.1 


-7.1 


















Laurel 


1986 


9,713.1 


1,185 


2 


1 


30 


41 


219 


790 


102 


-) 




1987 


9,379.0 


1,163 





3 


29 


41 


189 


775 


126 


-) 




% Chanqe 


-3.4 


-1.9 


















Morningside 


1986 


4,307.7 


56 


1 





4 


8 


15 


25 


3 


-) 




1987 


2,923.1 


38 








2 


6 


10 


18 


2 


-) 




% Chanqe 


-32.1 


-32.1 


















Mt. Rainier 


1986 


5,756.4 


449 








46 


28 


75 


207 


93 


-) 




1987 


5,144.7 


391 


1 


6 


34 


23 


71 


170 


86 


-) 




% Change 


-10.6 


-12.9 


















New Carroll ton 


1986 


6,595.2 


831 





4 


58 


39 


192 


377 


161 


-) 




1987 


6,619.0 


834 





2 


45 


39 


175 


431 


142 


-) 




% Change 


+0.4 


+0.4 


















North Brentwood 


1986 


4,666.7 


28 





1 


1 


6 


8 


9 


3 


-) 




1987 


3,333.4 


20 





2 


1 


2 


7 


5 


3 


-) 




% Change 


-28.6 


-28.6 


















Riverdale 


1986 


8,960.0 


448 





4 


36 


36 


97 


225 


50 


-) 




1987 


9,240.0 


462 





2 


21 


66 


82 


242 


49 


-) 




% Chanqe 


+3.1 


+3.1 


















Seat Pleasant 


1986 


11,346.9 


556 





10 


54 


47 


116 


244 


85 


-) 




1987 


9,708.3 


466 


2 


11 


52 


41 


94 


203 


63 


-) 




% Chanqe 


-14.4 


-16.2 


















University Park 


1986 


3,384.6 


88 





1 


4 





30 


43 


10 


-) 




1987 


4,520.0 


113 








1 





38 


64 


10 


-) 




% Chanqe 


+33.5 


+28.4 


















Upper Marlboro 


1986 


7,375.0 


59 





1 





5 


6 


43 


4 


-) 




1987 


8,625.0 


69 





1 





4 


18 


43 


3 


-) 



REGION V 



BALTIMORE CITY 



Baltimore City 


1986 


8,594.9 


67,341 


240 


660 


8 


008 


6 


368 


14 


,388 


30,793 


6 


884 


(765) 




1987 


8,714.1 


66,654 


226 


595 


7 


485 


6 


029 


13 


558 


31,266 


7 


495 


(681) 




% Chanqe 


+1.4 


-1.0 


























ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY 


























Annapolis 


1986 


8,789.0 


2,874 


3 


23 




73 




204 




780 


1.618 




173 


(65) 




1987 


8,789.0 


2,858 


3 


17 




77 




195 




698 


1,706 




162 


(40) 




% Chanqe 


-4.1 


-0.6 


























HARFORD COUNTY 


Aberdeen 


1986 


7,576.3 


894 


1 


9 




24 




87 




168 


542 




63 


(5) 




1987 


8,239.7 


997 





7 




27 




101 




153 


634 




75 


(14) 




% Chanqe 


+8.8 


+ 11.5 



























119 



S. ■=£ ~ a 5 s.5 ss "• » s 

IS -S i I 5 « ££ 5£ S A 

Bel Air 1986 6,451.2 529 11 U 57 448 11 (3) 
1987 5.735.6 499 17 18 39 423 11 (2) 
I Change -11.1 zhl ■ ■ 



Havre de Grace 1986 5,146.1 458 4 8 37 73 299 37 (6) 
1987 5,080.5 442 2 8 27 102 253 50 (5) 
', Change 1 Tj -3.5 , 



120 



MARYLAND 
ARREST DATA 



ARREST DATA 



The Maryland Uniform Crimes Reporting Program requires the 
submission of monthly reports of data concerning persons arrested in 
the state. A record of total arrest activity for criminal acts in 
both Part I and Part II crime classes is received from 129 county, 
state and municipal law enforcement agencies, according to the age, 
sex and race of persons arrested. Traffic arrests, except Driving 
while Intoxicated, are not reported. A total of 222,293 arrests for 
Part I and Part II criminal offenses were reported during 1987. In 
comparison to 1986, there were 219,857 arrests which results in a 1 
percent increase. Based on 1987 population estimates, there were 
4,901.7 arrests per 100,000 population in Maryland. The arrest rate 
for 1986 was 4,926.2, resulting in a percent change in the arrest 
rate. 

A person is counted on the monthly arrest report each time 
he is arrested. It should be noted that a person may be arrested 
several times during a given month for the same or different offenses. 
This occurs frequently in a crime such as Disorderly Conduct. A juve- 
nile is counted as "arrested" when the circumstances are such that if 
he or she were an adult an arrest would be counted, or when police or 
other official action beyond a mere interview, warning or admonishment 
is taken. 

Arrest figures do not indicate the number of individuals 
arrested or summonsed since, as has been pointed out, one person may 
be arrested several times during the month. However, arrest infor- 
mation is useful in measuring the extent of law enforcement activi- 
ties in a given geographic area, as well as providing an index for 
measuring the involvement in criminal acts, by the age, sex and race 
of perpetrators. 

23 percent of all reported arrests during 1987 were for 
Crime Index Offenses (Murder, Forcible Rape, Robbery, Aggravated 
Assault, Breaking or Entering, Larceny-Theft, and Motor Vehicle 
Theft). Analysis of Crime Index Arrest Data indicates that Larceny 
comprised the highest percentage of all arrests for Crime Index 
crimes, with 48 percent of the total. The same trend for Larceny 
occurred in 1986 with 48 percent of the total. The Drug Abuse, 
Other Assaults, Driving Under the Influence, Disorderly Conduct, 
and All Other Offense categories continue to record the highest 
percentage of arrests for Part II Offenses. These offenses accounted 
for 84 percent fo the total Part II Offenses in 1987. 



VIOLENT CRIME 

Arrests for crimes of violence (Murder, Forcible Rape, 
Robbery and Aggravated Assault) on a statewide basis amounted to 

*March - September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Departaiint 
are not included due to late submissions. 



122 



22 percent of arrest for Crime Index Offenses and 5 percent of the 
total arrests in 1987. In 1986 Violent Crime Arrest were 24 percent 
of the Crime Index Offense arrests and 6 percent of total arrests. A 
further evaluation indicates that arrests for Robbery and Aggravated 
Assault were the most frequent, representing 28 and 63 percent respec- 
tively, of the total arrests for Violent Crimes. 



"PROPERTY CRIME 

Property Crime arrests (Breaking or Entering, Larceny- 
Theft and Motor Vehicle Theft) comprised 78 percent of all arrests 
for Crime Index Offenses and 18 percent of the total arrest in 
1987, as compared to 77 percent of all arrests for Crime Index 
Offenses and 19 percent of the total arrests in 1986. 

The highest percentage of Property Crime arrests, 61 per- 
cent, occurred in the Larceny category; in 1986, it was 62 percent 
of the total . 



*DRUG ABUSE VIOLATION ARRESTS 

Information pertaining to Drug Abuse Violation arrests is 
collected according to specific drug categories and whether the 
arrest was for Sale or Manufacture or Possession of the specific 
drug. During 1987, a total of 23,685 arrests for Drug Abuse Law 
Violations was reported, as compared to 1986 with 20,108 arrests, 
resulting in a 18 percent increase. 

Evaluation of data reported discloses that 34 percent of 
all persons arrested for Drug Abuse Violations were under 21 years 
of age. 32 percent of all persons arrested for Drug Abuse Violations 
were under 21 in 1986. 12 percent of the Drug Abuse Violation arrests 
were for persons ijnder the age of 18 as compared to 14 percent in 1986, 

Analysis of individual categories showed that the highest 
percentage of arrests, 44 percent, involved marijuana, as compared 
to 49 percent in 1986. 69 percent of the total Drug Abuse Arrests 
were for Possession while 31 percent were for Sale or Manufacture. 
In 1986, 78 percent were for Possession while 22 percent were for 
Sale or Manufacture. Possession of marijuana represented 3/ percent 
of the total Drug Abuse arrests, as compared to 1986, with 38 percent 
of the total . 



*March - September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department 
are not included due to late submissions 



123 



*5 YEAR TREND 

5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 

Opium/Cocaine 6,024 9,808 7,205 5,504 4,416 3,186 

Marijuana 11,031 10,474 9,773 11,651 11,227 12,030 

Synthetic 1,056 1,576 1,378 873 741 711 

Other 1,601 1,827 1,752 1,522 1,532 1,372 

Total 19,712 23,685 20,108 19,550 17,916 17,299 

'GAMBLING ARRESTS 

A total of 413 Gambling arrests were reported during 1987. 
In 1986, 576 persons were arrested for Gambling violations, resulting 
in a 28 percent decrease. 

Arrests for Gambling offenses amounted to .2 percent of all 
reported Part I and Part II arrests, a decrease of .1 percent as com- 
pared to 1986. Persons under the age of 18 made up 9 percent of all 
Gambling arrests the same as in 1986. 

*5 YEAR TREND 





5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 




1987 


1986 




1985 




1984 




1983 


Bookmaking 


54 




43 


70 




45 




61 




52 


Numbers 


105 




40 


95 




132 




76 




184 


Other 


404 




330 


411 




404 




490 




382 


Total 


563 




413 


576 




581 




627 




618 


"TOTAL ARREST COMPARISON 






















5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 




1987 


1986 




1985 




1984 




1983 


Juveni le 


37,821 


35 


,925 


38,955 


37 


,753 


38 


,005 


38 


,468 


Adult 


175,142 


186 


,368 


180,902 


171 


,646 


166 


,832 


169 


,963 


Total 


212,963 


222 


,293 


219,857 


209 


,399 


204 


,837 


208 


,431 



*March - September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Deparfriient are 
not included due to late submissions. 



124 



ARRESTS 



JUVENILE 



5000. 



4750- - 

4500- - 

4250-- 

4000- - 

3750- - 
NUMBER 

OF 3500- - 

ARRESTS 

3250- - 

3000- - 

2750- ^ 

2500- - 



2250- - 



2000- 



JUVENILE ARRESTS 1987 



5 YR. AVERAGE 




— \ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



125 



ARRESTS 



ADULTS 



20000. 



19000-- 



18000-- 



17000- - 



12000- - 



11000-- 



10000. 



ADULT ARRESTS 1987 



5 YR. AVERAGE 







H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 V 



Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 

MONTHS 



126 



ARREST RATE 



FIVE YEAR TREND 



5 YEAR 

AVERAGE *1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 



MURDER 



8.2 



6.8 



9.2 



8.1 



RAPE 



18.7 15.7 19.9 19.1 19.7 19.1 



ROBBERY 



89.8 68.0 84.7 86.7 97.3 112.3 



AGGRAVATED 

ASSAULT 158.3 154.4 169.2 170.2 148.6 149.0 

BREAKING OR 

ENTERING 237.6 216.4 230.1 242.9 243.8 254.9 



LARCENY 572.1 537.0 569.6 560.8 573.1 620.2 

'96.0 120.2 118.1 92.9 80.5 68.2 



MOTOR VEHICLE 
THEFT 



CRIME INDEX 

TOTAI S 
UIHL ^ 1,180.7 1,118.5 1,200.3 1,180.7 1,172.2 1,231.7 

Arrest rates are a measure of law enforcement activity in response to crime 
The above table represents the Crime Index arrest rates per 100,000 inhabi- 
tants in Maryland. 



*March - September's arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department are not 
included due to late submissions. 



127 



R E S I S 



CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 



SEX 



RACE 



WHITE 



BLACK 



AMI RICAN 

INDIAN 



ASIAN 



Murder & Nonnegligent 
Manslaughter 

Manslaughter by 
Negligence 



Forcible Rape 

Robbery 

Felonious Assault 

Breaking or Entering 

Larceny-Theft 

Motor Vehicle Theft 

Other Assaults 

Arson 

Forgery 8, Counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen Property; Buying, Receiving, 
Possessing 

Vandal ism 

Weapons; Carrying, Possessing, etc. 

Prostitution & Commercialized Vice 

Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape, 
Prostitution & Commercialized Vice) 



Drug Abuse Violations 



Gambl ing 

Offenses Against Family 
and Children 



Driving under the Influence 

Liquor Laws 

Disorderly Conduct 

Vagrancy 

All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew & Loitering 
Law Violations 

Run-Aways 



283 

44 

707 

2,908 

5,867 

9,032 

17,851 

5,006 

18,867 

437 

592 

2,363 

200 

295 

4,419 

3,721 

481 

1 ,617 

19,893 

362 

854 



4,778 

226 

53,433 

185 

397 



27 

4 

5 

178 

1,137 

783 

6,500 

447 

3,821 

66 

328 

2,066 

113 

39 



87 

36 

270 

576 

3,630 

4,908 

11 ,560 

1 ,508 



11 


83 


8,571 


34,977 


38 


156 


78 


255 





12 




441 


2 


494 


3 


343 


4 


850 


12 


579 


3 


890 


10 


692 



430 



571 


3,449 


1,510 


303 


2,055 


1 ,949 


588 


442 


621 


119 


1 ,053 


669 


3,792 


11 ,436 


12,169 


51 


146 


265 


126 


550 


428 


3,582 


24,335 


5,285 



26,687 



1 

15 

10 

28 

27 

5 

44 





2 



1 

6 

7 

6 

9 




20 

11 



3 





1 

21 

29 

186 

50 

68 

4 

3 

8 

2 



25 

13 



5 
34 



1,888 



213 

8 

10 

2 

230 

3 



16 



GRAND TOTAL 



185,878 



36,415 



125,405 



95,580 



937 



* March - Septanber's Arrest figures by the the Prince George's County Police Department are not included due to late submissions. 



129 



•ARRESTS 



I 



CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 



___ 



9 I 

Under 



10-12 13-14 



15 16 



Juveni le If 
Total 



19 



Murder 1 Nonnegligent 
Manslaughter 



Manslaughter by Negligence 

Forcible Rape 

Robbery 

Felonious Assault 

Breaking or Entering 

Larceny-Theft 

Motor Vehicle Theft 

Other Assaults 

Arson 

Forgery J Counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen Property; Buying, 
Receiving, Possessing 



Weapons; Carrying, 
Possessing, etc. 

Prostitution and 
Commercialized Vice 

senses (Except Forcible Rape, 
Prostitution I, Commercialzied Vice 



Drug Abuse Violations 



Gambl ing 

Offenses Against Family 
and Children 



j under the Influence 
Liquor Laws 
Disorderly Conduct 
Vagr i 
All 0th 

Law Violations 
Run-Am 









2 


1 


16 


17 


36 


17 


21 


20 


22 


22 


13 

















2 


2 


3 


3 


7 


1 


3 


3 


8 


11 


44 


' 21 


22 


28 


134 


33 


27 


23 


32 


26 


35 


10 


53 


189 


161 


187 


219 


819 


221 


188 


179 


151 


131 


155 


57 


104 


249 


233 


307 


366 


1,316 


258 


267 


313 


326 


285 


310 


96 


318 


783 


552 


613 


683 


3,045 


634 


586 


486 


455 


422 


396 


251 


908 


1,896 


1,250 


1,574 


1,598 


7,477 


1,198 


1,135 


911 


942 


877 


841 


8 


76 


526 


679 


830 


759 


2,878 


430 


338 


266 


211 


148 


144 


114 


286 


616 


525 


640 


664 


2,845 


656 


798 


805 


953 


983 


1,093 


53 


40 


69 


27 


28 


27 


244 


21 


18 


14 


9 


21 


10 





3 


10 


10 


20 


30 


73 


38 


45 


35 


47 


50 


51 


1 


3 


16 


12 


19 


34 


85 


70 


74 


104 


143 


192 


214 











1 


2 


11 


14 


16 


14 


10 


14 


14 


14 





11 


1/ 


15 


22 


29 


94 


23 


23 


16 


18 


10 


23 


139 


352 


579 


387 


419 


444 


2,320 


223 


192 


164 


173 


158 


146 


4 


23 


136 


164 


185 


208 


720 


229 


234 


240 


201 


191 


202 








5 


14 


5 


n 


37 


16 


21 


29 


50 


55 


82 


29 


57 


87 


62 


55 


56 


346 


41 


44 


55 


63 


58 


61 


6 


14 


271 


468 


901 


1,207 


2,867 


1,217 


1,321 


1,356 


1,366 


1,327 


1,335 








3 


10 


12 


11 


36 


16 


10 


12 


12 


12 


9 


1 


2 


1 


1 


1 


2 


8 


7 


11 


35 


43 


49 


46 


3 





1 


8 


85 


247 


344 


528 


820 


922 


1,170 


1,344 


1,627 


32 


6 


64 


141 


338 


508 


1,089 


453 


362 


305 


217 


197 


162 


12 


52 


125 


143 


223 


258 


813 


208 


220 


244 


247 


267 


248 








2 


1 





1 


4 


22 


32 


13 


13 


14 


13 


192 


389 


1,077 


1,011 


1,207 


1,433 


5,309 


1.741 


2.434 


2,879 


2,935 


. 


. 


2 


11 


20 


17 


15 


16 


81 


11 


15 


6 


13 


10 


6 


3 


19 


106 


113 


124 


110 


475 














34 




706 


597 


591 


347 


2,414 


















7,600 


6.624 


8,441 


9,328 


. 


8.330 


9.253 


9.449 









• . , 



130 



ARRESTS 



CLASSIFICATION 
OF OFFENSES 



..AJjJL 



A G E 



25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 



Murder & Nonnegligent 
Manslaughter 



Manslaughter by Negligence 

Forcible Rape 

Robbery 

Felonious Assault 

Breaking or Entering 

Larceny-Theft 

Motor Vehicle Theft 

Other Assaults 

Arson 

Forgery S Counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen Property; Buying, 
Receiving, Possessing 

Vandal ism 

Weapons; Carrying, 
Possessing, etc. 

Protitution and 
Commercialized Vice 

Sex Offenses (Except Forcible Rape, 
Prostitution & Commercialized Vice) 

Drug Abuse Violations 



Gambl ing 

Offenses Against Family 
and Children 



Driving under the Influence 

Liquor Laws 

Disorderly Conduct 

Vagrancy 

All Other Offenses (Except Traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and Loitering 
Law Violations 

Run-Aways 



70 
7 



23 





29 


143 


102 


56 


112 


542 


328 


173 


290 


1,252 


883 


585 


369 


1,554 


976 


482 


764 


3,655 


2,820 


1,712 


150 


409 


240 


127 



585 366 



1,131 5,184 3,395 2,111 1,136 



300 


1,078 


924 


565 


317 


19 


76 


45 


27 


23 


11 


47 


33 


12 


7 


148 


644 


367 


206 


107 


182 


716 


436 


270 


156 



220 



65 


305 


209 


176 


105 


1,272 


5,317 


3,341 


1,771 


673 


9 


62 


53 


34 


39 


50 


188 


189 


158 


101 


1,499 


6,830 


5,004 


3,378 


2,367 1 


136 


609 


343 


245 


149 


277 


996 


792 


493 


329 


5 


44 


23 


22 


15 


3,094 


13,842 


9,428 


6,095 


3,332 1 


4 


32 


19 


14 


3 



20 



,532 1,035 



,969 1,153 



55-59 60-64 65 h 
Over 



Adult 
Total 



TOTAL 





29 



78 


41 


38 


93 


126 


60 


37 


19 


23 


52 


27 


11 



750 



4 
747 



578 



310 
48 

712 
3,086 
7,004 
9,815 



127 


16,874 


24,351 


5 


2,575 


5,453 


163 


19,843 


22,688 


3 


259 


503 


2 


847 


920 


25 


4,344 


4,429 





299 


299 





240 


334 


21 


2,670 


4,990 



1,032 


1,069 


1,390 


1,736 


20,818 


23,685 


377 


413 


972 


980 



29,509 29,853 



48 


4,880 


5,693 


2 


233 


237 


376 


56,695 


62,004 


2 


142 


223 

475 
2,414 



GRAND TOTAL 



10,029 44,167 30,352 18,939 10,545 6,216 3,677 2,548 1,465 1,344 186,368 222,293 



* March - September's Arrest figures by the Prince George's County Police Department are not included due to late sutmis 



131 



I 



TABLES FOR ARRESTS BY REGION, COUNTY, AND 

AGENCY ARE CONTAINED IN THE SUPPLEMENT REPORT 

"MARYLAND ARREST DATA" 



132 



LAW 
ENFORCEMENT 
1 EMPLOYEE DATA 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 



Two law enforcement officers were killed in Maryland during 
1987 while in the line of duty. The following summary is based on 
information provided by the respective agency and by the Federal Bureau 
of Investigation who conducts in-depth investigations into these tragic 
incidents in which law enforcement officers have made the supreme 
sacrifice in the performance of their duties. 



MARCH 10, 1988 

Two Maryland State Troopers were killed in the early morning 
hours of March 10, 1987, when their police cruiser was struck by a tractor 
trailer operated by a drunk driver. At 4:22 a.m., the troopers were 
parked in the median of Interstate 95 in Harford County. A moving van 
left the northbound lanes of 1-95 and without warning, slammed into the 
cruiser occupied by a 40 year-old, five year veteran and a 21 year-old 
trooper. The younger trooper was flown to University Hospital's Shock- 
Trauma Unit where he died several hours later. The truck driver was charged 
with two counts of manslaughter by a motor vehicle, two counts of homicide 
with a motor vehicle while intoxicated, driving while intoxicated, driving 
while revoked and related charges. The younger trooper was on his last 
night of field training with the veteran trooper. He had graduated from 
the State Police Academy less than three months earlier. 



135 



I 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS ASSAULTED 

The following information is based on a detailed monthly 
collection of data in the Uniform Crime Reporting System regarding 
the problem of assaults on local, county and state law enforcement 
officers. The large number of reported assaults on sworn officers 
is in part due to a prevalent attitude of disrespect for law enforce- 
ment in certain elements of our society. 

A total of 4,603 law enforcement officers in Maryland were 
victims of assault in the line of duty during 1987, as compared to 
4,168 assaults during 1986, resulting in a 10 percent increase. 

The rate of assaults on law enforcement officers for the 
state was 39 assaults for every 100 sworn officers, as compared to 
36 assaults per 100 sworn officers in 1986. 

Physical force was used in 89 percent of all assaults on 
police officers. 

The greatest number of assaults (1,452) or 32 percent 
occurred while officers were responding to disturbance calls (family 
disputes, man with a gun, etc.). 17 percent of assaults on police 
officers occurred between 12:01 A.M. and 2:00 A.M. 

A total of 4,533 assaults on law enforcement officers were 
cleared during 1987, amounting to a 98 percent clearance rate. 









5 Y 


EAR TREND 












5 YEAR 
AVERAGE 


INJURY 


VS NON-INJURY 


1984 






1987 


1986 


1985 


1983 


No Personal 
Injury 


3,316 


3,783 


3,419 


3,227 


3,063 


3,087 


Personal 
Injury 




738 


820 


749 


742 


714 


643 


Total 




4,049 


4,603 


4,168 


3,969 


3,777 


3,730 


Fi rearm 




137 


131 


WEAPONS 
119 


138 


161 


138 


Knife 




62 


39 


60 


67 


55 


88 


Other 




280 


328 


324 


245 


265 


238 


Physical 


Fo 


rce 3,570 


4,105 


3,665 


3,519 


3,296 


3,266 


Total 




4,049 


4,603 


4,168 


3,969 


3,777 


3,730 



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148 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 

POLICE EMPLOYEE DA I A 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program in Maryland incorpor- 
ates the collection of pertinent data relating to the police of the 
State. Information regarding police employee strength is discussed 
in this section. 

This information is submitted by county, municipal, and 
state law enforcement agencies and compiled on an annual basis. Spe- 
cific information concerning the number of law enforcement employees 
reflects the status as of October 31, 1987. 

LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE RATES 

In 1987, the average number of full-time law enforcement 
employees (county, municipal and state) including civilian employees, 
amounted to 3.3 for each 1,000 inhabitants of the State. The rate 
based on sworn personnel only (excluding civilians), amounted to 2.6 
per 1,000 population. In 1986, the average number of full-time law 
enforcement employees amounted to 3.3 for each 1,000 inhabitants and 
2.6 sworn personnel per 1,000 inhabitants of the State. 

The ratio of law enforcement employees per 1,000 population 
in any given area or municipality is influenced by a number of factors, 
much the same as the crime rate. The determination of law enforcement 
strength for a given county or municipality is based on factors such 
as population density, size and character of the community, geographic 
location, proximity to metropolitan areas, and other condition which 
exist in the area generating the need for law enforcement services. 
Employee rates also differ among agencies since, in particular, there 
is a wide variation in the responsibilities and level of activity within 
various law enforcement agencies. The information in this section re- 
lates to reported police employee strength and should not be intrepreted 
as recommended strength for any area. 

CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES 

The personnel of each law enforcement agency differ as to the 
demands and responsibilities placed before them. Many police officers 
are fully occupied with clerical tasks and are not free to perform 
active police duties. Some police administrators use civilians in this 
capacity, thus freeing the sworn personnel for actual police related 
services . 

As of October 31, 1987, 3,229 or 21 percent of the total 
number of police employees in Maryland were civilians. 



149 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE RATES 



*NUMBER 


SWORN 


**RATE 


803 




2 .5 


42 




1 .7 


160 




2 .3 


67 




2 .2 


27 




1 .6 


59 




2.0 


46 




2.3 


84 




3.0 


161 




2.3 


157 




4.3 



REGION I 

Caroline County 
Cecil County 
Dorchester County 
Kent County 
Queen Anne's County 
Somerset County 
Talbot County 
Wicomico County 
Worcester County 

REGION II 311 1.5 

Calvert County 62 1.4 

CharlesCounty 158 1.7 

St. Mary's County 91 1.3 

REGION III 723 1.6 

Al legany County 154 2 .0 

Carroll County 149 1.3 

FrederickCounty 209 1.6 

Garrett County 44 1.6 

Washington County 167 1.4 

REGION IV 2,580 1 .9 

Montgomery County 1,059 1.6 

Pr. George's County 1,521 2.2 

REGION V 6,781 3.1 

Baltimore City 3,231 4.2 

Anne Arundel County 768 1.9 

Baltimore County 2,050 3.0 

Harford County 343 2.1 

Howard County 389 2.5 

PARKS 693 



STATE TOTAL 11 ,891 2 .6 

*Number sworn persons only 
**Rate per 1,000 population 

150 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER NUMBER 
TOTAL SWORN CIVILIAN MALE FEMALE 



REGION I 1,026 803 223 

CAROLINE COUNTY 70 42 28 

Denton 6 6 

Federalsburg 7 7 

Greensboro 2 2 

Preston 2 2 



6 


6 


7 


7 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


41 


13 


10 


10 



833 


193 


60 


10 


6 





7 





2 





2 





2 





32 


9 


9 


1 



Ridgely 2 2 

Sheriff's Dept. 41 13 28 

State Police 10 10 

CECIL COUNTY 194 160 34 160 34 

Chesapeake City 2 2 2 

Elkton 25 20 5 19 6 

North East 7 6 1 6 1 

PortDeposit 3 3 3 

RisingSun 4 3 1 3 1 

Sheriff'sDept. 26 22 4 21 5 

State Police 127 104 23 106 21 

DORCHESTER COUNTY 82 67 15 74 8 



Cambridge 
Hu r 1 oc k 

Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 


41 
5 

28 
8 


32 
5 

22 
8 


9 

6 



37 
5 

25 
7 


4 

3 
1 


KENT COUNTY 


51 


27 


24 


39 


12 


Ches tertown 
Rock Hall 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 


8 

4 

31 

8 


7 
4 
8 
8 


1 



23 




6 

3 

23 

7 


2 
1 
8 
1 



QUEEN ANNE'S COUNTY 67 59 8 59 



Cent rev i lie 


8 


8 





8 





Sheriff's Dept. 


15 


15 





15 





State Police 


44 


36 


8 


36 


8 



151 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



TOTAL 



NUMBER 
SWORN 



NUMBER 
CIVILIAI 



NUMBER 
MALE 



NUMBER 
FEMALE 



SOMERSET COUNTY 



48 



46 



40 



Crisfield 

Princess Anne 

Univ. of Md. -East. Shore 

Sheri f f ' s Dept . 

State Police 



8 


7 


1 


6 


2 


5 


5 





3 


2 


10 


9 


1 


8 


2 


6 


6 





5 


1 


19 


19 





18 


1 



TALBOT COUNTY 



109 



84 



25 



21 



Ea s ton 

Ox ford 

St. Michaels 

Sheriff's Dept 

State Police 



38 


27 


11 


29 


9 


3 


3 





3 





6 


6 





5 


1 


10 


9 


1 


9 


1 


52 


39 


13 


42 


10 



WICOMICO COUNTY 



201 



161 



40 



157 



44 



De 1 ma r 
Fru i 1 1 a nd 
Salisbury 
Salisbury 
Sheri f f ' s 



St . College 
Dept. 



State Police 



6 
7 
62 
15 
44 
67 



5 
6 
51 
13 
35 
51 



1 
1 

11 
2 
9 

16 



6 
6 
45 
12 
34 
54 





1 

17 

3 

10 

13 



WORCESTER COUNTY 



204 



157 



47 



156 



48 



Ber 1 i ne 
Ocean City 
Ocean Pines 
Pocomoke C i ty 
Snow Hill 
Sheriff's Dept 
State Police 



8 


7 


1 


7 


1 


98 


75 


23 


72 


26 


15 


11 


4 


9 


6 


14 


11 


3 


11 


3 


6 


6 





6 





23 


20 


3 


18 


5 


40 


27 


13 


33 


7 



REGION II 



361 



311 



50 



312 



49 



CALVERT COUNTY 



65 



62 



61 



North Beac h 
Sheriff's Dept 
State Police 



4 


4 





4 





23 


21 


2 


20 


3 


38 


37 


1 


37 


1 



152 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



CHARLES COUNTY 



TOTAL 



189 



NUMBER 
SWORN 

158 



NUMBER 
CIVILIAI 

31 



NUMBER 
MALE 

159 



NUMBER 
FEMALE 

30 



La Plata 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



2 


2 





2 





133 


115 


18 


113 


20 


54 


41 


13 


44 


10 



ST. MARY'S COUNTY 



107 



91 



16 



92 



15 



St . Mary' s College 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 

REGION III 



8 


8 





6 


2 


53 


48 


5 


45 


8 


46 


35 


11 


41 


5 


30 


723 


207 


782 


148 



ALLEGANY COUNTY 



186 



154 



32 



165 



21 



Cumber 1 and 


54 


50 


4 


49 


5 


Frost burg 


17 


13 


4 


15 


2 


Frostburg St. College 


19 


18 


1 


17 


2 


Lonaconing 


2 


2 





2 





Luke 


2 


2 





2 





Wes tern port 


5 


5 





5 





State's Att. Office 


10 


1 


9 


4 


6 


Sheriff's Dept. 


17 


16 


1 


16 


1 


State Police 


60 


47 


13 


55 


5 



CARROLL COUNTY 



176 



149 



27 



144 



32 



Hamps tead 
Manchester 
New Windsor 
S y k e s v i 1 1 e 
Ta neytown 
Westminister 
Sheriff's Dept 
State Police 



2 


2 





2 





2 


2 





2 





1 


1 





1 





8 


6 


2 


4 


4 


5 


4 


1 


4 


1 


32 


25 


7 


24 


8 


24 


22 


2 


21 


3 


102 


87 


15 


86 


16 



FREDERICK COUNTY 



248 



209 



39 



209 



39 



Brunswick 
Frederick 
Thurmon t 



11 


10 


1 


10 


1 


85 


72 


13 


66 


19 


6 


6 





6 






153 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



FREDERICK COUNTY 
(cont ' d) 

Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



TOTAL 



52 

94 



NUMBER 
SWORN 



NUMBER 
CIVILIAN 



46 
75 



6 
19 



NUMBER 
MALE 



44 
83 



NUMBER 
FEMALE 



8 
11 



GARRETT COUNTY 



44 



42 



Oakland 

Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



4 


3 


1 


4 





24 


22 


2 


20 


4 


21 


19 


2 


18 


3 



WASHINGTON COUNTY 



271 



167 



104 



222 



49 



Hagerstown 
Hancock 
Smithsburg 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 

REGION IV 
MONTGOMERY COUNTY 

Chevy Chase 
Ga i t her s burg 
Md. Nat. Cap. Park 
Montgomery Co . 
Roc kv i 1 1 e 
Ta koma Park 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 

PR. GEORGE'S COUNTY 

Berwyn Heights 

Bladensburg 

Bowie State College 

Capitol Heights 

Che ver 1 y 

Cottage City 

District Heights 



90 


73 


17 


76 


14 


4 


3 


1 


3 


1 


1 


1 





1 





115 


42 


73 


87 


28 


61 


48 


13 


55 


6 


3,274 


2,580 


694 


2,489 


785 


1 ,305 


1 ,059 


246 


991 


314 


8 


8 





8 





12 


11 


1 


10 


2 


92 


77 


15 


77 


15 


977 


783 


194 


731 


246 


45 


32 


13 


30 


15 


39 


31 


8 


32 


7 


86 


79 


7 


67 


19 


46 


38 


8 


36 


10 


1 ,969 


1 ,521 


448 


1 ,498 


471 


3 


3 





3 





18 


13 


5 


14 


4 


16 


13 


3 


10 


6 


1 


1 





1 





1 1 


10 


1 


8 


3 


6 


4 


2 


4 


2 


7 


6 


1 


6 


1 



154 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



TOTAL 



NUMBER 
SWORN 



NUMBER 
CIVILIAI 



NUMBER 
MALE 



NUMBER 
FEMALE 



Pr. GEORGE'S COUNTY 
(cont 'd) 

Edmon s ton 

Fairmount Heights 

Forest Heights 

Gl ena rden 

Greenbel t 

Hyatts v i 1 1 e 

Landover Hills 

Laurel 

Md. Nat. Cap. Park 

Mornings ide 

M t . Rainier 

Pr . George ' s Co . 

R i v e r d a 1 e 

Univ. of Md .-C.P. 

University Park 

Upper Marlboro 

Sheriff's Dept. 

State Police 



3 

1 

6 

4 

51 

29 

3 

52 

89 

4 

13 

239 

18 

73 

7 

1 

187 

127 



3 

1 

6 

3 

40 

22 

3 

39 

77 

4 

9 

933 

12 

65 

7 

1 

146 

100 









1 

11 

7 



13 

12 



4 

306 

6 

8 





41 

27 



3 

1 

5 

3 

40 

25 

3 

45 

69 

4 

9 

925 

12 

57 

7 

1 

144 

102 





1 
1 

11 
4 

7 

20 



4 

314 

6 

16 



46 

25 



REGION V 



BALTIMORE CITY 



8,380 6,781 



3,858 3,231 



1,599 
627 



6,693 



3,138 



1 ,687 

720 



Baltimore City 3,472 2,929 

CoppinStateUniv. 13 12 

Morgan State Univ. 27 22 

Mass Transit Admin. 77 74 

Uni v . of Bal to . 19 9 

Uni v . of Md . at Balto. 100 52 

Sheriff's Dept. 136 120 

State Police 14 13 



543 

1 

5 

3 

10 

48 

16 

1 



834 
10 
19 
62 
13 
76 

113 
11 



638 

3 

8 

15 

6 

24 

23 

3 



ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY 



1 ,091 



768 



323 



823 



268 



Annapolis 
Anne Arundel Co . 
General Services 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



130 


97 


33 


92 


38 


657 


458 


199 


501 


156 


78 


25 


53 


47 


31 


28 


28 





25 


3 


198 


160 


38 


158 


40 



BALTIMORE COUNTY 



2,551 2,050 



501 



2,029 



522 



Baltimore Co. 
Md. Port Admin 



1,640 1,475 
77 72 



165 
5 



1 ,401 
60 



239 
17 



155 



LAW ENFORCEMENT EMPLOYEE DATA 



TOTAL 



NUMBER 
SWORN 



NUMBER 
CIVILIAN 



NUMBER 
MALE 



NUMBER 
FEMALE 



BALTIMORE COUNTY 
(cont ' d) 

Sparrow Point 
Towson State Univ. 
Univ. of Md .-Bal to 
Sheriff's Dept. 
State Police 



Co 



17 


15 


2 


15 


2 


33 


28 


5 


23 


10 


27 


19 


8 


23 


4 


62 


45 


17 


52 


10 


695 


396 


299 


455 


240 



HARFORD COUNTY 



377 



343 



34 



303 



74 



Aberdeen 
Bel Air 

Havre de Grace 
Sheriff's Dept 
State Police 



37 


30 


7 


29 


8 


34 


26 


8 


25 


9 


23 


18 


5 


17 


6 


201 


201 





159 


42 


82 


68 


14 


73 


9 



HOWARD COUNTY 



503 



389 



114 



400 



103 



Howa rd Co . 
Sheriff's Dept 
State Police 



278 


223 


55 


218 


60 


26 


22 


4 


19 


7 


199 


144 


55 


163 


36 



PARKS & TOLLS 



1,149 



693 



456 



925 



224 



Md. Alcohol Tax Enf 
Md . Park Service 
Md. Toll Facilities 
Natural Resources 
State Fire Marshall 



14 


13 


1 


12 


2 


516 


163 


353 


432 


84 


306 


260 


46 


201 


105 


268 


225 


43 


244 


24 


45 


32 


13 


36 


9 



MARYLAND TOTALS 



15,120 11,891 



3,229 12,034 



3,086 



156 



10 YEAR COUNTY TREND 





1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 










Caroline 














Population 


24,386 


24,223 


23,832 


23,838 


23,762 


23,550 


23,528 


23,148 


22,534 


22,593 


Index Crime 


535 


67/ 


567 


505 


656 


722 


779 


627 


683 


481 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


42 


42 


45 


48 


42 


38 


43 


42 


37 


35 










Cecil 














Population 


68,584 


67,238 


66,143 


64,216 


61,713 


61,157 


61,099 


60,113 


56,486 


55,194 


Index Crime 


2,365 


2,167 


2,099 


2,068 


2,231 


2,373 


2,572 


2,390 


2,403 


2,006 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


160 


142 


152 


153 


112 


167 


150 


154 


155 


158 










]orchester 














Population 


30,380 


30,693 


30,194 


30,863 


31,361 


31,079 


31,050 


30,549 


30,647 


30,124 


Index Crime 


1,343 


1,330 


1,241 


1,082 


1,187 


1,490 


1,517 


1,411 


1,305 


1,133 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


67 


79 


59 


61 


65 


61 


61 


64 


64 


65 










Kent 














Population 


17,171 


17,127 


16,864 


16,877 


17,124 


16,970 


16,954 


16,680 


16,225 


16,647 


Index Crime 


460 


536 


537 


546 


502 


599 


581 


609 


512 


446 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


27 


34 


30 


29 


28 


29 


28 


29 


26 


24 










]ueen Anne 














Population 


30,076 


28,420 


27,972 


27,090 


26,199 


25,963 


25,939 


25,520 


23,836 


22,394 


Index Crime 


750 


741 


829 


758 


770 


760 


814 


828 


679 


625 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


59 


55 


50 


50 


53 


43 


49 


52 


45 


44 










Somerset 














Population 


19,610 


19,147 


18,884 


18,973 


19,547 


19,372 


19,353 


19,041 


19,129 


20,016 


Index Crime 


723 


648 


569 


491 


492 


580 


697 


715 


606 


560 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


46 


37 


44 


44 


43 


46 


50 


50 


50 


53 










Talbot 














Population 


27,637 


27,524 


27,063 


26,695 


26,174 


25,939 


25,914 


25,496 


26,841 


26,259 


Index Crime 


1,025 


1,063 


922 


912 


870 


959 


1,113 


975 


1,059 


996 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


84 


73 


78 


78 


85 


79 


79 


85 


83 


83 










Wicomico 














Population 


70,413 


67,740 


66,648 


66,574 


66,705 


66,102 


66,040 


64,974 


60,974 


60,743 


Index Crime 


4,107 


5,720 


3,250 


2,795 


2,948 


3,590 


3,658 


3,842 


3,356 


3,026 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


161 


158 


157 


158 


159 


152 


155 


142 


127 


126 










Worcester 














Population 


36,680 


34,294 


33,728 


31,953 


31,109 


30,829 


30,800 


30,303 


27,842 


27,845 


Index Crime 


3,168 


3,522 


3,078 


2,675 


2,586 


2,801 


3,066 


3,125 


3,374 


2,659 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


157 


153 


156 


152 


154 


147 


146 


145 


133 


130 










Calvert 














Population 


44,402 


40,299 


39,686 


36,985 


35,222 


34,904 


34,871 


34,308 


31,548 


30,223 


Index Crime 


1,124 


1,173 


1,171 


964 


886 


1,074 


1,267 


1,231 


969 


778 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


62 


65 


63 


64 


63 


62 


59 


55 


53 


55 



157 



COUNTYTRENDS 





1987 


1986 


1985 


1981 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 










Charles 














Population 


90,130 


89,937 


82,603 


79,110 


71,271 


73,599 


73,530 


/2,313 


67,202 


66,193 


Index Crime 


3,801 


3,319 


2,988 


2,961 


2,773 


3,129 


3,360 


3,298 


3,251 


2,610 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


158 


119 


150 


163 


157 


153 


151 


110 


118 


111 










St. Mary's 














Population 


68,381 


65,135 


61,123 


62,150 


61,393 


60,837 


60,780 


59,799 


51,182 


53,509 


Index Crime 


2,118 


1,927 


1,879 


1,760 


1,596 


1,826 


2,086 


2,029 


2,115 


1,902 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


91 


78 


76 


77 


76 


71 


75 


75 


72 


71 










Allegany 














Population 


75,697 


78,917 


77,655 


80,835 


82,605 


81,858 


81,781 


80,161 


79,721 


79,966 


Index Crime 


2,011 


2,006 


1,795 


1,857 


1,918 


2,189 


2,173 


2,171 


2,322 


2,131 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


151 


151 


157 


161 


166 


171 


171 


177 


182 


178 










Carroll 














Population 


113,393 


107,511 


105,829 


102,737 


98,637 


97,718 


97,657 


96,080 


92,611 


89,083 


Index Crime 


2,717 


2,608 


2,098 


2,321 


2,182 


2,159 


2,635 


2,878 


2,629 


1,968 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


119 


150 


151 


159 


161 


138 


136 


129 


125 


122 










Frederick 














Population 


133,612 


127,271 


125,217 


122,120 


116,581 


115,529 


115,120 


113,557 


108,061 


103,718 


Index Crime 


1,008 


3,908 


3,952 


3,960 


1,170 


1,361 


1,6% 


1,157 


1,105 


3,118 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


209 


192 


190 


191 


181 


189 


189 


205 


185 


1/1 










Garrett 














Population 


26,926 


27,553 


27,161 


27,369 


27,20/ 


26,962 


26,937 


26,502 


25,939 


25,661 


Index Crime 


618 


616 


195 


618 


639 


611 


707 


675 


598 


511 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


11 


39 


11 


39 


39 


13 


13 


15 


10 


35 








Washington 














Population 


115,933 


111,891 


113,100 


113,831 


115, /68 


111,722 


111,611 


112,761 


109,767 


109,397 


Index Crime 


3,215 


3,010 


2,911 


2,799 


3,1/1 


3,367 


3,876 


3,910 


3,552 


3,161 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


167 


171 


167 


160 


171 


173 


180 


190 


183 


182 








Montgomery 














Population 


675,886 


610,356 


630,126 


605,398 


589,100 


581,061 


583,513 


571,093 


576,776 


582,158 


Index Crime 


28,781 


27,105 


26,182 


21,253 


23,368 


27,500 


30,961 


31,1/1 


30,212 


26,031 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


1,059 


1,039 


991 


989 


1,028 


1,011 


951 


961 


937 


961 








EB 


, Georqe's 














Population 


692,316 


693,210 


682,233 


681,610 


6/5,231 


669,127 


668,199 


657,707 


663,207 


671,312 


Index Crime 


97,12/ 


15,385 


12,851 


39,178 


11,112 


16,976 


52,832 


51,762 


19,087 


17,326 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


1,521 


1,505 


1,163 


1,136 


1,391 


1,385 


1,337 


1,329 


1,311 


1,331 








Baltimorf City 














Popul/' 


/61,893 


783,512 




788,601 


805,52/ 




797,129 


781,551 


790,901 




Index Crime 


66,659 


67,315 


67,3/5 


66,8/7 


/0,080 


71,212 


/9,102 


78,181 


71,909 


70,533 


Sworn Law Ehf icers 


i,2i\ 


3,27/ 


3,2/2 


3,336 


3,056 


3,30/ 


3,2/3 


3,10/ 


3,385 


3,506 



158 



C U N I Y I R E N D S 





1987 


1986 


1985 


1984 


1983 


1982 


1981 


1980 


19/9 


1986 








Anne Arundel 














Population 


412,522 


399,108 


392,/ 18 


388,659 


379,96/ 


376,525 


3/6,1/2 


370,099 


361,749 


363,169 


Index Crime 


19,303 


19,715 


17,148 


16,955 


16,894 


18,775 


20,435 


20,316 


17,453 


17,119 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


768 


755 


787 


803 


780 


771 


744 


704 


677 


667 








Balt 


imqr.e County 














Population 


681,068 


690,668 


679,708 


671,586 


668,705 


662,646 


662,025 


651,337 


639,872 


641,120 


Index Crime 


41,541 


43,228 


39,861 


38,577 


38,774 


43,817 


47,183 


46,638 


43,265 


38,976 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


2,050 


2,019 


1,876 


1,834 


1,877 


1,981 


1,934 


2,006 


1,964 


1,940 










Harford 














Population 


160,945 


154,882 


152,381 


151,550 


148,188 


146,846 


146,708 


144,340 


146,422 


146,556 


Index Crime 


5,620 


5,426 


4,782 


4,409 


4,292 


5,1/9 


5,887 


6,119 


5,792 


5,710 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


343 


318 


319 


309 


363 


285 


282 


271 


284 


271 










Howard 














Population 


153,629 


139,251 


137,032 


129,114 


121,601 


120,500 


120,387 


118,443 


116,777 


117,027 


Index Crime 


7,990 


8,086 


7,227 


6,609 


5,744 


6,079 


6,481 


6,986 


6,221 


5,659 


Sworn Law Enforcement Officers 


389 


368 


344 


276 


303 


27/ 


262 


264 


233 


214 



159 



' 



' 



°0 NOT CIRCULATE 






,f*» MOO I 10/88